"Amarna blue" painted on ancient Egyptian pottery

M. Uda, M. Nakamura, S. Yoshimura, J. Kondo, M. Saito, Y. Shirai, S. Hasegawa, Y. Baba, K. Ikeda, Y. Ban, A. Matsuo, M. Tamada, H. Sunaga, H. Oshio, D. Yamashita, Y. Nakajima, T. Utaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


"Amarna blue" pigments (18 Dynasty, c. 1400 BC) painted on pottery fragments were investigated using the PIXE, XRF and XRD methods in laboratories and also using a portable type of X-ray spectrometer at the sites of excavation. On the blue-colored part enrichment of Na, Al, S, Cl, Ca, Mn, Co, Ni and Zn was found using X-ray spectroscopy, and CaSO4, NaCl and Co(M)Al2O4, M denoting Mn, Fe, Ni and Zn, were found by the help of X-ray diffraction. This means that Amarna blue is a mixture of CaSO4 and Co(M)Al2O4, at least in part.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-386
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Apr


  • Amarna blue
  • Ancient blue pigment
  • Co(M)AlO
  • PIXE
  • Portable XRF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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