Amyloid β protein in plasma from patients with sporadic Alzheimer' s disease

Akira Tamaoka, Tetsuo Fukushima, Naoya Sawamura, Kin'ya Ishikawa, Eiichi Oguni, Yasuko Komatsuzaki, Shin'ichi Shoji

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134 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fibrillar amyloid β protein (Aβ) deposition is increased in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and is manifested as senile plaques (SPs) and congophilic angiopathy (CA). Aβ40 and Aβ42(43), two chief species of Aβ, are documented in SPs and CA, as well as in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and cell culture media. Aβ42(43) is the major component of diffuse plaques, the earliest form of SPs. Thus, we hypothesized that determination of the amount of Aβ42(43) in CSF or plasma might provide a diagnostic laboratory test for AD. We measured amounts of different Aβ species in plasma from 28 patients with sporadic probable AD, 40 age-matched neurologic patients without dementia and 25 age-matched normal controls using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). Plasma concentrations of Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42(43) did not significantly differ among these groups. These findings suggest the unlikelihood that plasma Aβ assays would be useful as a diagnostic tool for AD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-68
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Volume141
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Sep 15

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Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid angiopathy
  • Amyloid β protein
  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
  • Plasma
  • Senile plaque

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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