An alumina ceramic total talar prosthesis for osteonecrosis of the talus

Akira Taniguchi, Yoshinori Takakura, Yasuhito Tanaka, Hiroaki Kurokawa, Kiyonori Tomiwa, Takenori Matsuda, Tsukasa Kumai, Kazuya Sugimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Treatment of osteonecrosis of the talus is challenging. Total talar replacement has the potential to restore the function of the ankle joint without an associated leg-length discrepancy. The purpose of the present study was to investigate postoperative function and pain after total talar replacement in patients with osteonecrosis of the talus. Methods: Fifty-five ankles in fifty-one consecutive patients with osteonecrosis of the talus who were treated with a total talar replacement from 2005 to 2012 were included in the investigation. Scores according to the Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot (JSSF) ankle-hindfoot scale and the Ankle Osteoarthritis Scale (AOS) were assessed before surgery and at the final follow-up evaluation. Results: According to the JSSF ankle-hindfoot scale, the score for pain improved from a mean (and standard deviation) of 15 ± 9.4 points (range, 0 to 20 points) to 34 ± 5.6 points (range, 20 to 40 points); the score for function, from 21.2 ± 9.7 points (range, 4 to 38 points) to 45.1 ± 4.0 points (range, 37 to 50 points); the score for alignment, from 6.0 ± 2.8 points (range, 5 to 10 points) to 9.8 ± 0.9 points (range, 5 to 10 points); and the total score, from 43.1 ± 17.0 points (range, 11 to 68 points) to 89.4 ± 8.4 points (range, 76 to 100 points). According to the AOS scale, the score for "pain at its worst" improved from a mean of 6.1 ± 3.3 points (range, 0 to 9.9 points) to 2.0 ± 1.7 points (range, 0 to 6.3 points). Conclusions: Prosthetic talar replacement is a useful procedure for patients with osteonecrosis of the talus as it maintains ankle function. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1348-1353
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery - American Volume
Volume97
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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    Taniguchi, A., Takakura, Y., Tanaka, Y., Kurokawa, H., Tomiwa, K., Matsuda, T., Kumai, T., & Sugimoto, K. (2015). An alumina ceramic total talar prosthesis for osteonecrosis of the talus. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - American Volume, 97(16), 1348-1353. https://doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.N.01272