An attempt for determining 235U/238U ratio for a trace amount of uranium: Search for an extinct radionuclide 247Cm in the early solar system

J. Y. Chai, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Kokubu, M. Magara, S. Sakurai, S. Usuda, Y. Oura, Mitsuru Ebihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to search for isotopic anomalies of U caused by the disintegration of 247Cm in meteorite samples, an analytical scheme for determining 235U/238U ratio for a small amount of uranium (less than 1 ng U) was established. The isotopic ratio of U was determined by double-focusing inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (DF-ICP-MS). With a great improvement of chemical procedure for purifying the uranium fraction separated from meteorite samples, a variation in 235U/238U ratios was resolved at an order of ±4‰ for 100 ppt or 200 pg U in solution. For applying the procedure in searching an evidence of 247Cm as an extinct radionuclide in the early solar system, a selective chemical dissolution of constituent minerals of meteorites using EDTA and HCl was introduced and a chemical purification scheme of uranium for ICP-MS was established.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-401
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 May 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Meteoroids
Meteorites
Uranium
Solar system
Solar System
Radioisotopes
Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
Disintegration
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
Edetic Acid
Purification
Minerals
Mass Spectrometry
Dissolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pollution
  • Spectroscopy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

An attempt for determining 235U/238U ratio for a trace amount of uranium : Search for an extinct radionuclide 247Cm in the early solar system. / Chai, J. Y.; Miyamoto, Y.; Kokubu, Y.; Magara, M.; Sakurai, S.; Usuda, S.; Oura, Y.; Ebihara, Mitsuru.

In: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 272, No. 2, 01.05.2007, p. 397-401.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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