Pd-Co was electrodeposited as a rough cathode catalyst for a direct methanol fuel cell fabricated using micro-electromechanical systems technology. Pd-Co was electrodeposited at -10 mA/cm2 for 60 s or -200 mA/cm 2 for 5 s. The deposits were evaluated with respect to microstructures, electrochemical characteristics, and fuel cell performances. As a result, oxygen reduction activity of the sample prepared at -200 mA/cm 2 was higher than that prepared at 10 mA/cm , while the electrochemically active surface areas were almost the same. Microstructures of the former and the latter were observed dendritic and flat, respectively. We conclude that the difference of oxygen reduction activity is attributed to the difference of the microstructure. In addition, we modified the dendritic sample by depositing Pd-Co at -0.75 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The modification increased open circuit potential for oxygen reduction by 30 mV from 0.70 to 0.73 V.