An examination of the effect of focus groups for Saiban-in system

Ayumu Arakawa, Ikuo Sugawara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Focus groups (FGs) led by trial consultants are popular in the USA but not in Japan. Additionally, the effectiveness of this method has not been examined. This study examined the effect of FGs on the Saiban-in system. First, eleven undergraduates participated in FGs, discussing the perception of certain words (e.g., self-defense) and a theme (e.g., how to evaluate a wrongful act when losing self-control because of fear) that were points of dispute in a simulated case. The contents were compared with three law students' estimation of how undergraduates perceived these topics. Second, a law student wrote a final case argument before and after reading a summary produced by FGs. Third, another set of thirty-one undergraduates participated in one of two conditions (whether based on an FG result or not), read the arguments (sixteen read arguments not based on an FG result; fifteen read arguments based on one), judged the case, reported their confidence in the judgment, and marked the words that affected them. The effect of the FG on the conviction rate was not significant. However, confidence in the not-guilty verdict increased and participants were influenced by the final arguments based on the FG result. This indicates the efficacy of focus groups in writing a final argument mentioned in the deliberation.

Original languageJapanese
Pages (from-to)133-141
Number of pages9
JournalResearch in Social Psychology
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Focus Groups
Students
Social Psychology
Dissent and Disputes
Consultants
Fear
Reading
Japan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

An examination of the effect of focus groups for Saiban-in system. / Arakawa, Ayumu; Sugawara, Ikuo.

In: Research in Social Psychology, Vol. 34, No. 3, 01.01.2018, p. 133-141.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{efdef235ee5645d5a98956f89a6f31b5,
title = "An examination of the effect of focus groups for Saiban-in system",
abstract = "Focus groups (FGs) led by trial consultants are popular in the USA but not in Japan. Additionally, the effectiveness of this method has not been examined. This study examined the effect of FGs on the Saiban-in system. First, eleven undergraduates participated in FGs, discussing the perception of certain words (e.g., self-defense) and a theme (e.g., how to evaluate a wrongful act when losing self-control because of fear) that were points of dispute in a simulated case. The contents were compared with three law students' estimation of how undergraduates perceived these topics. Second, a law student wrote a final case argument before and after reading a summary produced by FGs. Third, another set of thirty-one undergraduates participated in one of two conditions (whether based on an FG result or not), read the arguments (sixteen read arguments not based on an FG result; fifteen read arguments based on one), judged the case, reported their confidence in the judgment, and marked the words that affected them. The effect of the FG on the conviction rate was not significant. However, confidence in the not-guilty verdict increased and participants were influenced by the final arguments based on the FG result. This indicates the efficacy of focus groups in writing a final argument mentioned in the deliberation.",
keywords = "Focus group, Jury research, Law and Psychology, Perspective taking, Saiban-in system",
author = "Ayumu Arakawa and Ikuo Sugawara",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.14966/jssp.1735",
language = "Japanese",
volume = "34",
pages = "133--141",
journal = "Research in Social Psychology",
issn = "0916-1503",
publisher = "Japanese Society of Social Psychology",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An examination of the effect of focus groups for Saiban-in system

AU - Arakawa, Ayumu

AU - Sugawara, Ikuo

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Focus groups (FGs) led by trial consultants are popular in the USA but not in Japan. Additionally, the effectiveness of this method has not been examined. This study examined the effect of FGs on the Saiban-in system. First, eleven undergraduates participated in FGs, discussing the perception of certain words (e.g., self-defense) and a theme (e.g., how to evaluate a wrongful act when losing self-control because of fear) that were points of dispute in a simulated case. The contents were compared with three law students' estimation of how undergraduates perceived these topics. Second, a law student wrote a final case argument before and after reading a summary produced by FGs. Third, another set of thirty-one undergraduates participated in one of two conditions (whether based on an FG result or not), read the arguments (sixteen read arguments not based on an FG result; fifteen read arguments based on one), judged the case, reported their confidence in the judgment, and marked the words that affected them. The effect of the FG on the conviction rate was not significant. However, confidence in the not-guilty verdict increased and participants were influenced by the final arguments based on the FG result. This indicates the efficacy of focus groups in writing a final argument mentioned in the deliberation.

AB - Focus groups (FGs) led by trial consultants are popular in the USA but not in Japan. Additionally, the effectiveness of this method has not been examined. This study examined the effect of FGs on the Saiban-in system. First, eleven undergraduates participated in FGs, discussing the perception of certain words (e.g., self-defense) and a theme (e.g., how to evaluate a wrongful act when losing self-control because of fear) that were points of dispute in a simulated case. The contents were compared with three law students' estimation of how undergraduates perceived these topics. Second, a law student wrote a final case argument before and after reading a summary produced by FGs. Third, another set of thirty-one undergraduates participated in one of two conditions (whether based on an FG result or not), read the arguments (sixteen read arguments not based on an FG result; fifteen read arguments based on one), judged the case, reported their confidence in the judgment, and marked the words that affected them. The effect of the FG on the conviction rate was not significant. However, confidence in the not-guilty verdict increased and participants were influenced by the final arguments based on the FG result. This indicates the efficacy of focus groups in writing a final argument mentioned in the deliberation.

KW - Focus group

KW - Jury research

KW - Law and Psychology

KW - Perspective taking

KW - Saiban-in system

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068036334&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85068036334&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.14966/jssp.1735

DO - 10.14966/jssp.1735

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85068036334

VL - 34

SP - 133

EP - 141

JO - Research in Social Psychology

JF - Research in Social Psychology

SN - 0916-1503

IS - 3

ER -