An Experimental Study of a Zeolite Membrane Reactor for Reverse Water Gas Shift

Motomu Sakai*, Kyoka Tanaka, Masahiko Matsukata

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reverse water gas shift (RWGS) is attracting attention as one of the promising technologies for CO2 conversion. Selective removal of H2O from the reaction system can improve the CO2 conversion beyond the equilibrium conversion of RWGS in a conventional reactor. In this study, a conventional plug-flow reactor without membrane, and two types of RWGS membrane reactors using ZSM-5 membranes, were developed. The yield of CO without membrane (Case 1) was almost the same as the equilibrium conversion. A membrane reactor (Case 2) showed a CO yield 2–3% above that of a conventional reactor. From the results, the effectiveness of the dehydration membrane reactor for RWGS was verified. In addition, CO yield was further increased in the reactor made up of the combination of conventional reactor and membrane reactor (Case 3). For example, the CO yields in Cases 1, 2, and 3 at 560 K were 21.8, 24.9, and 29.0%, respectively. Although the CO yield increased in Case 2, a large amount of raw materials penetrated through the membrane to the permeation side, and was lost. In Case 3, H2 and CO2 permeation through the membrane were suppressed because of the existence of H2O, resulting in the prevention of the leakage of raw material, and contributing to the high CO yield.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1272
JournalMembranes
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Keywords

  • carbon dioxide
  • carbon recycle
  • dehydration
  • hydrogen
  • membrane reactor
  • MFI
  • reverse water gas shift
  • water
  • zeolite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Filtration and Separation

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