Analyses on declining performance of PEMFC with fuel containing impurities

Kazuyuki Narusawa*, Morimasa Hayashida, Daisuke Kurashima, Katsuhiko Wakabayashi, Yushi Kamiya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


This paper covers our investigation into a decline in FC performance resulting from hydrogen fuel containing CO. Several investigations were conducted into the dependence of CO poisoning on types of catalyst using Pt and Pt-Ru alloy. The investigations are summarized as follows: 1) The poisoning prediction formulas and the poisoning estimation coefficient to predict and estimate the performance were derived theoretically. 2) The actual process of CO poisoning was scrutinized by focusing on adsorption of CO and desorption of CO2 molecules, and changes of several polarizations caused by CO poisoning were estimated. 3) Investigations into the relationship between the CO concentration, operating pressure, operating temperature and the CO poisoning were carried out. If the FC was operated at a high CO concentration, no significant improvement could be expected when using increased pressure, and further, the effects of the operating temperature is almost the same for the two types of catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)643-649
Number of pages7
JournalJSME International Journal, Series B: Fluids and Thermal Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Nov
Externally publishedYes


  • Alternative energy
  • Automobile
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Catalyzer
  • Fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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