Analysis and Control of the Initial Electrodeposition Stages of Co-Pt Nanodot Arrays

Siggi Wodarz, Junya Abe, Takayuki Homma

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We have fabricated Co-Pt nanodot arrays by combining electrodeposition with electron beam lithography (EBL) for applications in ultra-high density magnetic recording media, such as bit-patterned media (BPM). In this work, we analyzed the initial nucleation and growth of Co-Pt inside nanopores to achieve nanodot arrays with high deposition uniformity, as well as magnetic properties. At -900. mV (vs. Ag/AgCl), multiple nuclei of 2.0-3.0. nm in size were randomly distributed, even in nanopores with a 10. nm diameter, which could result in a lack of uniformity in the magnetic properties. The number of nuclei was then reduced by applying a less negative potential (>-700. mV vs. Ag/AgCl) to deposit a single nucleus inside each nanopore. As a result, a single grain of 5.0-10. nm in size was successfully deposited inside the nanopore, which could induce uniform magnetic properties in each nanodot. In addition, at less negative potentials, the coercivity of the Co-Pt films increased, which was induced by the epitaxial-like growth of Co-Pt from the Ru substrate. Cross-sectional TEM analysis suggested that Co-Pt deposited with a less negative potential was single crystalline with uniform hcp lattice fringes in the direction perpendicular to the Ru interface, indicating the formation of highly uniform nanodot arrays with high perpendicular magnetic anisotropy.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalElectrochimica Acta
    DOIs
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2015 Sep 12

    Fingerprint

    Nanopores
    Electrodeposition
    Magnetic properties
    Magnetic recording
    Electron beam lithography
    Magnetic anisotropy
    Coercive force
    Crystal lattices
    Nucleation
    Deposits
    Crystalline materials
    Transmission electron microscopy
    Substrates

    Keywords

    • Bit-patterned media
    • CoPt alloy
    • Electrodeposition
    • Initial deposition
    • Nanodot array

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electrochemistry
    • Chemical Engineering(all)

    Cite this

    Analysis and Control of the Initial Electrodeposition Stages of Co-Pt Nanodot Arrays. / Wodarz, Siggi; Abe, Junya; Homma, Takayuki.

    In: Electrochimica Acta, 12.09.2015.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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