Analysis of Energy Consumption and Possibility of Further Reduction of a Fuel Cell Garbage Truck

Hosik Lee, Shota Nakasaku, Toshio Hirota, Yushi Kamiya, Yuto Ihara, Takuya Yamaura

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

To reduce CO2 emissions of a conventional diesel engine garbage truck, we developed an electric motor driven fuel cell garbage truck. It was designed based on analytical result of two garbage collection routes, Kanmon-route and Imajuku-minami route of Shunan City of Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. It was trial produced to satisfy the same driving performance as a conventional diesel engine garbage truck. A chassis dynamo test was performed to compare the vehicle component energy consumption with a conventional diesel engine garbage truck during two driving scenarios, general driving (Tokyo No. 8 mode) and garbage collection driving (Tokyo garbage collection mode). From the chassis dynamo test, the energy consumption reduction rates when the diesel vehicle was replaced by the fuel cell vehicle were 69% in the Tokyo No. 8 mode and 81% in the Tokyo garbage collection mode. The CO2 emissions reduction effect was calculated using correction to the energy consumption of the general route in Shunan City based on the chassis dynamo test results. In case of using energy consumption correction based on the total travel distance and the weight of garbage, we estimated that the improvement of the fuel efficiency was between 1.6 to 1.8 times in terms of CO2 emissions. For further improvement to reduce energy consumption of a fuel cell garbage truck, three measures (vehicle weight, PTO gear ratio and regeneration energy) were considered by the vehicle simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference, ITSC 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1876-1881
Number of pages6
Volume2018-November
ISBN (Electronic)9781728103235
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 7
Event21st IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2018 - Maui, United States
Duration: 2018 Nov 42018 Nov 7

Other

Other21st IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2018
CountryUnited States
CityMaui
Period18/11/418/11/7

Keywords

  • chassis dynamo test
  • CO2 emissions estimation
  • energy consumption analysis
  • fuel cell vehicle
  • garbage truck

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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  • Cite this

    Lee, H., Nakasaku, S., Hirota, T., Kamiya, Y., Ihara, Y., & Yamaura, T. (2018). Analysis of Energy Consumption and Possibility of Further Reduction of a Fuel Cell Garbage Truck. In 2018 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference, ITSC 2018 (Vol. 2018-November, pp. 1876-1881). [8569773] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ITSC.2018.8569773