Analysis of multi-layer safety in countries affected by recent tsunamis: Emergence of a global tsunami culture

M. Esteban, V. Tsimopoulou, T. Mikami, N. Y. Yun, A. Suppasri, T. Shibayama

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Since 2004, there is a growing awareness of the risks that tsunamis pose to coastal communities globally. Despite the fact that these events were already an intrinsic part of the culture of some countries such as Chile and Japan, many other places had virtually not heard about such phenomenon before 2004. Nevertheless, the frequent reoccurrence of major tsunamis in recent years has led to the emergence of a “tsunami culture” in many areas of the world, which has resulted in increased awareness, disaster preparedness and willingness of local populations to evacuate when the threat of these events arises. However, evacuation during a tsunami is still not successfully carried out by the different elements of society, pointing to lack of awareness, an over-reliance in defence mechanisms or lacking in the transmitting of knowledge from previous events. This paper will explore these cultural issues using as a basis questionnaires carried out by the authors during their own field visits to the last three major events (Chile in 2009, Indonesia in 2010 and Japan in 2011), and interpret these through the willingness of coastal communities to build protection measures along the shore and the impact that these can have on sustainable development. The existence of a “traditional tsunami culture” will be explored through an analysis of the existence of multi-layer safety system constructed by previous generations, and whether this is being preserved nowadays or past lessons are being forgotten.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 7th International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts, APAC 2013
EditorsDadang A. Suriamihardja, Tri Harianto, M. Asad Abdurrahman, Taufiqur Rahman
PublisherHasanuddin University Press
Pages444-449
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9789795301257
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event7th International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts, APAC 2013 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 2013 Sep 242013 Sep 26

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 7th International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts, APAC 2013

Conference

Conference7th International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts, APAC 2013
CountryIndonesia
CityBali
Period13/9/2413/9/26

Keywords

  • Banda Aceh
  • Chile
  • Counter-measures
  • Culture
  • Tohoku
  • Tsunami

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

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  • Cite this

    Esteban, M., Tsimopoulou, V., Mikami, T., Yun, N. Y., Suppasri, A., & Shibayama, T. (2020). Analysis of multi-layer safety in countries affected by recent tsunamis: Emergence of a global tsunami culture. In D. A. Suriamihardja, T. Harianto, M. A. Abdurrahman, & T. Rahman (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts, APAC 2013 (pp. 444-449). (Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts, APAC 2013). Hasanuddin University Press.