Analysis of Surface Roughness Generation in Turning Operation and its Applications

T. Sata, M. Li, Shozo Takata, H. Hiraoka, C. Q. Li, X. Z. Xing, X. G. Xiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)


Surface roughness generation in a turning operation is examined by using a FFT analyzer. It is found that the roughness profile of a workpiece is composed of several periodical components: the cutting tool feed component, the spindle rotational error component, and the chatter vibration error component. A block diagram of surface roughness generation in a turning operation has been drawn to give a clear illustration of the process. To examine the origin of these error components, a series of cutting tests were carried out with different spindle bearing arrangements and with different types of workpiece material. It has been shown that the method presented in this study is very helpful in evaluating the machinability of workpiece material and also in diagnosing the conditions of the machine tool spindle system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-476
Number of pages4
JournalCIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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