Analysis of the human foot arch viscoelasticity using the simple model of the arch support elements

Takamichi Takashima, Hiroshi Fujimoto, Atsuo Takanishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The viscoelasticities of arch support structures was recognized in this study, using the simple foot model with the torsional spring-damper model to apply the human foot arch complex. The arch is deformed during bipedal gait motion. Especially the maximum deformation was observed in midstance to push-off. Then the deformation is controlled by means of arch support elements. The recognizing method was based on the hypotheses that the experimented external arch moment was equal to theoretical internal arch moment. The stiffness of the arch was identified at 4 phases in a gait cycle, (I) heel contact phase, (II) the entire planter contact phase, (III) push off phase, and (IV) swing phase. This study shows three results. (1) The arch elasticity increases in the phase III (n =6, p<.01), since it's produced by functional changes based on Elftman, windlass mechanism based on Hicks, and muscle activities. (2) The arch viscosity increases in the phase II (n=6, p<.01), because of the shock absorption in some arch functions. (3) We recognized much more stiffness with the evening foot than the morning foot (n=6).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2397-2402
Number of pages6
JournalNippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C
Volume69
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Sep
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Viscoelasticity
Arches
Windlasses
Stiffness
Muscle
Elasticity
Viscosity

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Human engineering
  • Human foot model
  • Measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

@article{7699dd2159954d40ad768346dabc0435,
title = "Analysis of the human foot arch viscoelasticity using the simple model of the arch support elements",
abstract = "The viscoelasticities of arch support structures was recognized in this study, using the simple foot model with the torsional spring-damper model to apply the human foot arch complex. The arch is deformed during bipedal gait motion. Especially the maximum deformation was observed in midstance to push-off. Then the deformation is controlled by means of arch support elements. The recognizing method was based on the hypotheses that the experimented external arch moment was equal to theoretical internal arch moment. The stiffness of the arch was identified at 4 phases in a gait cycle, (I) heel contact phase, (II) the entire planter contact phase, (III) push off phase, and (IV) swing phase. This study shows three results. (1) The arch elasticity increases in the phase III (n =6, p<.01), since it's produced by functional changes based on Elftman, windlass mechanism based on Hicks, and muscle activities. (2) The arch viscosity increases in the phase II (n=6, p<.01), because of the shock absorption in some arch functions. (3) We recognized much more stiffness with the evening foot than the morning foot (n=6).",
keywords = "Biomechanics, Human engineering, Human foot model, Measurement",
author = "Takamichi Takashima and Hiroshi Fujimoto and Atsuo Takanishi",
year = "2003",
month = "9",
language = "English",
volume = "69",
pages = "2397--2402",
journal = "Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C",
issn = "0387-5024",
publisher = "Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of the human foot arch viscoelasticity using the simple model of the arch support elements

AU - Takashima, Takamichi

AU - Fujimoto, Hiroshi

AU - Takanishi, Atsuo

PY - 2003/9

Y1 - 2003/9

N2 - The viscoelasticities of arch support structures was recognized in this study, using the simple foot model with the torsional spring-damper model to apply the human foot arch complex. The arch is deformed during bipedal gait motion. Especially the maximum deformation was observed in midstance to push-off. Then the deformation is controlled by means of arch support elements. The recognizing method was based on the hypotheses that the experimented external arch moment was equal to theoretical internal arch moment. The stiffness of the arch was identified at 4 phases in a gait cycle, (I) heel contact phase, (II) the entire planter contact phase, (III) push off phase, and (IV) swing phase. This study shows three results. (1) The arch elasticity increases in the phase III (n =6, p<.01), since it's produced by functional changes based on Elftman, windlass mechanism based on Hicks, and muscle activities. (2) The arch viscosity increases in the phase II (n=6, p<.01), because of the shock absorption in some arch functions. (3) We recognized much more stiffness with the evening foot than the morning foot (n=6).

AB - The viscoelasticities of arch support structures was recognized in this study, using the simple foot model with the torsional spring-damper model to apply the human foot arch complex. The arch is deformed during bipedal gait motion. Especially the maximum deformation was observed in midstance to push-off. Then the deformation is controlled by means of arch support elements. The recognizing method was based on the hypotheses that the experimented external arch moment was equal to theoretical internal arch moment. The stiffness of the arch was identified at 4 phases in a gait cycle, (I) heel contact phase, (II) the entire planter contact phase, (III) push off phase, and (IV) swing phase. This study shows three results. (1) The arch elasticity increases in the phase III (n =6, p<.01), since it's produced by functional changes based on Elftman, windlass mechanism based on Hicks, and muscle activities. (2) The arch viscosity increases in the phase II (n=6, p<.01), because of the shock absorption in some arch functions. (3) We recognized much more stiffness with the evening foot than the morning foot (n=6).

KW - Biomechanics

KW - Human engineering

KW - Human foot model

KW - Measurement

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0345134653&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0345134653&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0345134653

VL - 69

SP - 2397

EP - 2402

JO - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C

JF - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C

SN - 0387-5024

IS - 9

ER -