Analysis on Brain Activation and Eye Movement Related to Confidence for Responses to Multiple Choice Questions

Keiichi Muramatsu, Yuya Fujimura, Kazunori Kaede, Keiichi Watanuki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In the recent years, research on intelligent educational systems has attracted significant interest in exploring data from educational settings to understand learners' behavior and mental states. Hence, the means to deduce the mental state of a learner has been obtained from a variety of physiological indices. The current study aims to understand how a learner answers a question with confidence. By measuring the brain activity and eye movement by using a set of multiple-choice questions, this study analyzes the relationships between the confidence of answering the question, brain activation and eye movement at the time of answering. When there was a high confidence of answering, oxyHb tended to increase near the prefrontal cortex frontal pole and sight line movement to reread question text tended to decrease. The results show that this technique may be able to capture the mental state of the learner by measuring a combination of the change of oxyHb and sight line movement.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2998-3003
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538666500
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 16
Externally publishedYes
Event2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018 - Miyazaki, Japan
Duration: 2018 Oct 72018 Oct 10

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018

Conference

Conference2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018
Country/TerritoryJapan
CityMiyazaki
Period18/10/718/10/10

Keywords

  • brain activation
  • confidence
  • e-learning
  • eye movement
  • multiple-choice test
  • near-infrared spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Health Informatics
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Human-Computer Interaction

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