The dynamical instability of weakly interacting two-component Bose-Einstein condensates with coaxial quantized vortices is analytically investigated in a two-dimensional isotopic harmonic potential. We examine whether complex eigenvalues appear on the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equation, implying dynamical instability. Rather than solving the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equation numerically, we rely on a perturbative expansion with respect to the coupling constant which enables a simple, analytic approach. For each pair of winding numbers and for each magnetic quantum number, the ranges of intercomponent coupling constant where the system is dynamically unstable are exhaustively obtained. Corotating and counter-rotating systems show distinctive behaviors. The latter is much more complicated than the former with respect to dynamical instability, particularly because radial excitations contribute to complex eigenvalues in counter-rotating systems.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics