Analyzing the changes of health condition and social capital of elderly people using wearable devices

Siyu Zhou*, Atsushi Ogihara, Shoji Nishimura, Qun Jin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Rapid developments in information technology have enabled wearable devices to be applied in the health field. In elderly adults, wearable devices aid in data collection and exerts a positive effect on their social capital. This study evaluated the changes in these two parameters among elderly adults using wearable devices, and analyzed the effect of these devices on their daily lives. Methods: We selected 18 elderly people using wearable devices, between February and May 2017. The data collected by the wearable devices included the number of steps taken, sleep duration, blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, fatigue, and mood of the wearers. Using a questionnaire and the trajectory equifinality model, we interviewed and surveyed elderly adults in order to understand their health status and social capital. Results: The health of the participants was generally good, and most were able to achieve > 8000 steps per day (p < 0.05). Mild and moderate fatigue symptoms were noted in elderly adults for 90% of the study period (p < 0.05). The number of steps, blood pressure, and heart rate changed significantly within a month. From the commencement of using the wearable devices, a steady increase was noted in the monthly number of steps. Interviews suggested that the elderly adults perceived wearable devices as having the potential to improve health and social capital. Conclusions: By using wearable devices, the participants had a better understanding of their own health, and were willing to take health-boosting measures. The participants were also more willing to increase their social capital and expand their social network.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
JournalHealth Information Science and Systems
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Health status
  • ICT
  • Social capital
  • Wearable devices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management
  • Information Systems

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