Analyzing the factor structure and the sensory-relevance of impressions produced by words and drawings

Miho Kitamura*, Jiro Gyoba

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The impressions of words and drawings that represented the same concepts (joy, anger, tranquility, etc.) were examined by the semantic differential technique. In the word (W) condition where the participants were presented with only the word stimuli, two factors (Evaluation and Activity) were extracted. By contrast, in the drawing (D) condition where the participants only saw the drawings, three factors (Evaluation, Activity, and Potency) were extracted and the potency factor was found to have large factor loadings for the adjective-pairs containing high relevance to tactile sensation. The same tendencies were found in the drawing + word (DW) condition where the drawings and the words were presented simultaneously. These results revealed that the factor structure in the W condition differed from those in the D and the DW conditions, and that the drawings aroused tactile sensations. Further analysis in the evaluation factor implied that the impressions produced in the DW condition had unique characters that could not be reduced to those in the W and the D conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518-523
Number of pages6
JournalShinrigaku kenkyu. The Japanese journal of psychology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Feb
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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