Anomalous Rashba effect of bismuth(111) thin films studied by high-resolution spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

Akari Takayama, Takafumi Sato, Seigo Souma, Takashi Takahashi

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Abstract

The authors have developed an ultrahigh-resolution spin-resolved photoemission spectrometer equipped with a highly efficient mini Mott detector and a high-intensity xenon plasma discharge lamp. An electron deflector situated between the hemispherical electron-energy analyzer and the Mott detector enables the determination of the electron's spin-polarization in three independent directions and the spectrometer achieves an energy resolution of 0.9 and 8 meV for nonspin-resolved and spin-resolved modes, respectively. By using this spectrometer, we have performed spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy of bismuth thin films on Si(111) to investigate the spin structure of surface states. Unlike conventional Rashba splitting, the magnitude of the in-plane spin polarization is asymmetric across the zone center between the two elongated surface hole pockets and there is a giant out-of-plane spin polarization. The authors discuss these unusual spin textures in terms of a possible time-reversal symmetry breaking.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04E107
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology B:Nanotechnology and Microelectronics
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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