ANTARES: The first undersea neutrino telescope

M. Ageron, J. A. Aguilar, I. Al Samarai, A. Albert, F. Ameli, M. André, M. Anghinolfi, G. Anton, S. Anvar, M. Ardid, K. Arnaud, E. Aslanides, A. C. Assis Jesus, T. Astraatmadja, J. J. Aubert, R. Auer, E. Barbarito, B. Baret, S. Basa, M. BazzottiY. Becherini, J. Beltramelli, A. Bersani, V. Bertin, S. Beurthey, S. Biagi, C. Bigongiari, M. Billault, R. Blaes, C. Bogazzi, N. De Botton, M. Bou-Cabo, B. Boudahef, M. C. Bouwhuis, A. M. Brown, J. Brunner, J. Busto, L. Caillat, A. Calzas, F. Camarena, A. Capone, L. Caponetto, C. Cârloganu, G. Carminati, E. Carmona, J. Carr, P. H. Carton, B. Cassano, E. Castorina, S. Cecchini, A. Ceres, Th Chaleil, Ph Charvis, P. Chauchot, T. Chiarusi, M. Circella, C. Compère, R. Coniglione, X. Coppolani, A. Cosquer, H. Costantini, N. Cottini, P. Coyle, S. Cuneo, C. Curtil, C. Damato, G. Damy, R. Van Dantzig, G. De Bonis, G. Decock, M. P. Decowski, I. Dekeyser, E. Delagnes, F. Desages-Ardellier, A. Deschamps, J. J. Destelle, F. Di Maria, B. Dinkespiler, C. Distefano, J. L. Dominique, C. Donzaud, D. Dornic, Q. Dorosti, J. F. Drogou, D. Drouhin, F. Druillole, D. Durand, R. Durand, T. Eberl, U. Emanuele, J. J. Engelen, J. P. Ernenwein, S. Escoffier, E. Falchini, S. Favard, F. Fehr, F. Feinstein, M. Ferri, S. Ferry, C. Fiorello, V. Flaminio, F. Folger, U. Fritsch, J. L. Fuda, S. Galatá, S. Galeotti, P. Gay, F. Gensolen, G. Giacomelli, C. Gojak, J. P. Gómez-González, Ph Goret, K. Graf, G. Guillard, G. Halladjian, G. Hallewell, H. Van Haren, B. Hartmann, A. J. Heijboer, E. Heine, Y. Hello, S. Henry, J. J. Hernández-Rey, B. Herold, J. Hößl, J. Hogenbirk, C. C. Hsu, J. R. Hubbard, M. Jaquet, M. Jaspers, M. De Jong, D. Jourde, M. Kadler, N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki, O. Kalekin, A. Kappes, T. Karg, S. Karkar, M. Karolak, U. Katz, P. Keller, P. Kestener, E. Kok, H. Kok, P. Kooijman, C. Kopper, A. Kouchner, W. Kretschmer, A. Kruijer, S. Kuch, V. Kulikovskiy, D. Lachartre, H. Lafoux, P. Lagier, R. Lahmann, C. Lahonde-Hamdoun, P. Lamare, G. Lambard, J. C. Languillat, G. Larosa, J. Lavalle, Y. Le Guen, H. Le Provost, A. Levansuu, D. Lefèvre, T. Legou, G. Lelaizant, C. Lévéque, G. Lim, D. Lo Presti, H. Loehner, S. Loucatos, F. Louis, F. Lucarelli, V. Lyashuk, P. Magnier, S. Mangano, A. Marcel, M. Marcelin, A. Margiotta, J. A. Martinez-Mora, R. Masullo, F. Mazéas, A. Mazure, A. Meli, M. Melissas, E. Migneco, M. Mongelli, T. Montaruli, M. Morganti, L. Moscoso, H. Motz, M. Musumeci, C. Naumann, M. Naumann-Godo, M. Neff, V. Niess, G. J.L. Nooren, J. E.J. Oberski, C. Olivetto, N. Palanque-Delabrouille, D. Palioselitis, R. Papaleo, G. E. Pvlaş, K. Payet, P. Payre, H. Peek, J. Petrovic, P. Piattelli, N. Picot-Clemente, C. Picq, Y. Piret, J. Poinsignon, V. Popa, T. Pradier, E. Presani, G. Prono, C. Racca, G. Raia, J. Van Randwijk, D. Real, C. Reed, F. Réthoré, P. Rewiersma, G. Riccobene, C. Richardt, R. Richter, J. S. Ricol, V. Rigaud, V. Roca, K. Roensch, J. F. Rolin, A. Rostovtsev, A. Rottura, J. Roux, M. Rujoiu, M. Ruppi, G. V. Russo, F. Salesa, K. Salomon, P. Sapienza, F. Schmitt, F. Schöck, J. P. Schuller, F. Schüssler, D. Sciliberto, R. Shanidze, E. Shirokov, F. Simeone, A. Sottoriva, A. Spies, T. Spona, M. Spurio, J. J.M. Steijger, Th Stolarczyk, K. Streeb, L. Sulak, M. Taiuti, C. Tamburini, C. Tao, L. Tasca, G. Terreni, D. Tezier, S. Toscano, F. Urbano, P. Valdy, B. Vallage, V. Van Elewyck, G. Vannoni, M. Vecchi, G. Venekamp, B. Verlaat, P. Vernin, E. Virique, G. De Vries, R. Van Wijk, G. Wijnker, G. Wobbe, E. De Wolf, Y. Yakovenko, H. Yepes, D. Zaborov, H. Zaccone, J. D. Zornoza, J. Zúñiga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

420 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ANTARES Neutrino Telescope was completed in May 2008 and is the first operational Neutrino Telescope in the Mediterranean Sea. The main purpose of the detector is to perform neutrino astronomy and the apparatus also offers facilities for marine and Earth sciences. This paper describes the design, the construction and the installation of the telescope in the deep sea, offshore from Toulon in France. An illustration of the detector performance is given.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-38
Number of pages28
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume656
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov 11
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Astroparticle
  • DWDM
  • Deep sea detector
  • Marine technology
  • Neutrino
  • Neutrino astronomy
  • Photomultiplier tube
  • Submarine cable
  • Wet mateable connector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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  • Cite this

    Ageron, M., Aguilar, J. A., Al Samarai, I., Albert, A., Ameli, F., André, M., Anghinolfi, M., Anton, G., Anvar, S., Ardid, M., Arnaud, K., Aslanides, E., Assis Jesus, A. C., Astraatmadja, T., Aubert, J. J., Auer, R., Barbarito, E., Baret, B., Basa, S., ... Zúñiga, J. (2011). ANTARES: The first undersea neutrino telescope. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 656(1), 11-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2011.06.103