Antioxidative effects of a new lychee fruit-derived polyphenol mixture, oligonol, converted into a low-molecular form in adipocytes

Takuya Sakurai, Hiroshi Nishioka, Hajime Fujii, Norihiko Nakano, Takako Kizaki, Zsolt Radak, Tetsuya Izawa, Shukoh Haga, Hideki Ohno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study we investigated the antioxidative effects of Oligonol (Amino Up Chemical Co., Ltd., Sapporo, Japan), a new polyphenol, in adipocytes. The levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the expression of adipokine genes decreased in HW mouse white adipocytes upon treatment with Oligonol as compared to control cells. The transcriptional activity of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) and the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 were also down-regulated by Oligonol. In addition, when C57BL/6J mice were fed a high fat diet (HFD) for 5 weeks, the levels of epididymal white adipose tissue (WAT) mass and lipid peroxidation in WAT both increased, but Oligonol intake clearly inhibited such HFD-induced increases. Furthermore, dysregulated expression of genes for adipokines in WAT of mice fed solely a HFD was attenuated by Oligonol intake. These results suggest that Oligonol has antioxidative effects and that it attenuates HFD-induced dysregulated expression of genes for adipokines in adipocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-476
Number of pages14
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Volume72
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 13
Externally publishedYes

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Litchi
Polyphenols
high fat diet
Nutrition
Fruits
Oils and fats
adipocytes
adipokines
Adipocytes
white adipose tissue
Fruit
polyphenols
High Fat Diet
White Adipose Tissue
Adipokines
fruits
Genes
Tissue
Fats
mice

Keywords

  • Adipocytes
  • Adipokines
  • Antioxidative effects
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Oligonol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Food Science

Cite this

Antioxidative effects of a new lychee fruit-derived polyphenol mixture, oligonol, converted into a low-molecular form in adipocytes. / Sakurai, Takuya; Nishioka, Hiroshi; Fujii, Hajime; Nakano, Norihiko; Kizaki, Takako; Radak, Zsolt; Izawa, Tetsuya; Haga, Shukoh; Ohno, Hideki.

In: Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, Vol. 72, No. 2, 13.03.2008, p. 463-476.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sakurai, Takuya ; Nishioka, Hiroshi ; Fujii, Hajime ; Nakano, Norihiko ; Kizaki, Takako ; Radak, Zsolt ; Izawa, Tetsuya ; Haga, Shukoh ; Ohno, Hideki. / Antioxidative effects of a new lychee fruit-derived polyphenol mixture, oligonol, converted into a low-molecular form in adipocytes. In: Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry. 2008 ; Vol. 72, No. 2. pp. 463-476.
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