Approximate energy expression for spin-polarized Fermi liquids

Masatoshi Takano, Tomoki Endo, Ryusuke Kimura, Masami Yamada

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    Abstract

    An approximate energy expression is proposed for arbitrarily spin-polarized Fermi liquids with central two-body forces. It is explicitly expressed as a functional of spin-dependent radial distribution functions and can be used conveniently in the variational method. It includes the potential energies completely and the kinetic energies up to main parts of the three-body cluster terms. This approximation is similar to that used previously for spin-unpolarized and fully polarized matter. A notable feature of this expression is that it guarantees the necessary conditions on arbitrarily spin-polarized structure functions automatically. The Euler-Lagrange equations are derived from this energy expression and are numerically solved for arbitrarily spin-polarized liquid 3He. The results for liquid 3He with the HFDHE2 potential are consistent with the nearly ferromagnetic property.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)213-232
    Number of pages20
    JournalProgress of Theoretical Physics
    Volume109
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2003 Feb

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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