Area-Level Disparities of Public Open Space: A Geographic Information Systems Analysis in Metropolitan Melbourne

Suzanne Mavoa, MohammadJavad Koohsari, Hannah M. Badland, Melanie Davern, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt, Billie Giles-Corti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article examines differences in proximity to, and size of, four types of public open space for different levels of socio-economic disadvantage in metropolitan Melbourne. Since the provision of public open space in Melbourne is guided by the Victoria Planning Provisions (VPP), this article also demonstrates the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) as a tool to compare the current distribution of public open space with policy. Measures of distance to, and size of, the closest public open space were derived using GIS and analysed according to area-level socio-economic disadvantage. A novel method of estimating public open space access points is introduced. Over one-third of dwellings in metropolitan Melbourne were located in areas that did not align with the VPP public open space proximity standard; however, we found no evidence of a socio-economic gradient in terms of compliance. There were statistically significant differences between disadvantaged and advantaged areas with respect to proximity to, and size of, public open space. However, while the differences were statistically significant the magnitudes of the differences were small. Future research needs to investigate how different measures (e.g. quality, size) can be included in planning regulations to support equitable provision of public open space.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-323
Number of pages18
JournalUrban Policy and Research
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 3
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

public space
open space
systems analysis
information system
planning
economics
regulation
evidence
geographic information system
compliance

Keywords

  • accessibility
  • equity
  • geographic information systems
  • Melbourne
  • Public open space

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Urban Studies

Cite this

Area-Level Disparities of Public Open Space : A Geographic Information Systems Analysis in Metropolitan Melbourne. / Mavoa, Suzanne; Koohsari, MohammadJavad; Badland, Hannah M.; Davern, Melanie; Feng, Xiaoqi; Astell-Burt, Thomas; Giles-Corti, Billie.

In: Urban Policy and Research, Vol. 33, No. 3, 03.07.2015, p. 306-323.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mavoa, Suzanne ; Koohsari, MohammadJavad ; Badland, Hannah M. ; Davern, Melanie ; Feng, Xiaoqi ; Astell-Burt, Thomas ; Giles-Corti, Billie. / Area-Level Disparities of Public Open Space : A Geographic Information Systems Analysis in Metropolitan Melbourne. In: Urban Policy and Research. 2015 ; Vol. 33, No. 3. pp. 306-323.
@article{59573792cf464d07a1e361caf20146d9,
title = "Area-Level Disparities of Public Open Space: A Geographic Information Systems Analysis in Metropolitan Melbourne",
abstract = "This article examines differences in proximity to, and size of, four types of public open space for different levels of socio-economic disadvantage in metropolitan Melbourne. Since the provision of public open space in Melbourne is guided by the Victoria Planning Provisions (VPP), this article also demonstrates the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) as a tool to compare the current distribution of public open space with policy. Measures of distance to, and size of, the closest public open space were derived using GIS and analysed according to area-level socio-economic disadvantage. A novel method of estimating public open space access points is introduced. Over one-third of dwellings in metropolitan Melbourne were located in areas that did not align with the VPP public open space proximity standard; however, we found no evidence of a socio-economic gradient in terms of compliance. There were statistically significant differences between disadvantaged and advantaged areas with respect to proximity to, and size of, public open space. However, while the differences were statistically significant the magnitudes of the differences were small. Future research needs to investigate how different measures (e.g. quality, size) can be included in planning regulations to support equitable provision of public open space.",
keywords = "accessibility, equity, geographic information systems, Melbourne, Public open space",
author = "Suzanne Mavoa and MohammadJavad Koohsari and Badland, {Hannah M.} and Melanie Davern and Xiaoqi Feng and Thomas Astell-Burt and Billie Giles-Corti",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/08111146.2014.974747",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "306--323",
journal = "Urban Policy and Research",
issn = "0811-1146",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Area-Level Disparities of Public Open Space

T2 - A Geographic Information Systems Analysis in Metropolitan Melbourne

AU - Mavoa, Suzanne

AU - Koohsari, MohammadJavad

AU - Badland, Hannah M.

AU - Davern, Melanie

AU - Feng, Xiaoqi

AU - Astell-Burt, Thomas

AU - Giles-Corti, Billie

PY - 2015/7/3

Y1 - 2015/7/3

N2 - This article examines differences in proximity to, and size of, four types of public open space for different levels of socio-economic disadvantage in metropolitan Melbourne. Since the provision of public open space in Melbourne is guided by the Victoria Planning Provisions (VPP), this article also demonstrates the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) as a tool to compare the current distribution of public open space with policy. Measures of distance to, and size of, the closest public open space were derived using GIS and analysed according to area-level socio-economic disadvantage. A novel method of estimating public open space access points is introduced. Over one-third of dwellings in metropolitan Melbourne were located in areas that did not align with the VPP public open space proximity standard; however, we found no evidence of a socio-economic gradient in terms of compliance. There were statistically significant differences between disadvantaged and advantaged areas with respect to proximity to, and size of, public open space. However, while the differences were statistically significant the magnitudes of the differences were small. Future research needs to investigate how different measures (e.g. quality, size) can be included in planning regulations to support equitable provision of public open space.

AB - This article examines differences in proximity to, and size of, four types of public open space for different levels of socio-economic disadvantage in metropolitan Melbourne. Since the provision of public open space in Melbourne is guided by the Victoria Planning Provisions (VPP), this article also demonstrates the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) as a tool to compare the current distribution of public open space with policy. Measures of distance to, and size of, the closest public open space were derived using GIS and analysed according to area-level socio-economic disadvantage. A novel method of estimating public open space access points is introduced. Over one-third of dwellings in metropolitan Melbourne were located in areas that did not align with the VPP public open space proximity standard; however, we found no evidence of a socio-economic gradient in terms of compliance. There were statistically significant differences between disadvantaged and advantaged areas with respect to proximity to, and size of, public open space. However, while the differences were statistically significant the magnitudes of the differences were small. Future research needs to investigate how different measures (e.g. quality, size) can be included in planning regulations to support equitable provision of public open space.

KW - accessibility

KW - equity

KW - geographic information systems

KW - Melbourne

KW - Public open space

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84947496070&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84947496070&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/08111146.2014.974747

DO - 10.1080/08111146.2014.974747

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84947496070

VL - 33

SP - 306

EP - 323

JO - Urban Policy and Research

JF - Urban Policy and Research

SN - 0811-1146

IS - 3

ER -