AspecTiles: Tile-based visualization of diversified web search results

Mayu Iwata, Tetsuya Sakai, Takehiro Yamamoto, Yu Chen, Yi Liu, Ji Rong Wen, Shojiro Nishio

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A diversified search result for an underspecified query generally contains web pages in which there are answers that are relevant to different aspects of the query. In order to help the user locate such relevant answers, we propose a simple extension to the standard Search Engine Result Page (SERP) interface, called AspecTiles. In addition to presenting a ranked list of URLs with their titles and snippets, AspecTiles visualizes the relevance degree of a document to each aspect by means of colored squares ("tiles"). To compare AspecTiles with the standard SERP interface in terms of usefulness, we conducted a user study involving 30 search tasks designed based on the TREC web diversity task topics as well as 32 participants. Our results show that AspecTiles has some advantages in terms of search performance, user behavior, and user satisfaction. First, AspecTiles enables the user to gather relevant information significantly more efficiently than the standard SERP interface for tasks where the user considers several different aspects of the query to be important at the same time (multi-aspect tasks). Second, AspecTiles affects the user's information seeking behavior: with this interface, we observed significantly fewer query reformulations, shorter queries and deeper examinations of ranked lists in multi-aspect tasks. Third, participants of our user study found AspecTiles significantly more useful for finding relevant information and easy to use than the standard SERP interface. These results suggest that simple interfaces like AspecTiles can enhance the search performance and search experience of the user when their queries are underspecified.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSIGIR'12 - Proceedings of the International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval
Pages85-94
Number of pages10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Sep 28
Event35th Annual ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval, SIGIR 2012 - Portland, OR, United States
Duration: 2012 Aug 122012 Aug 16

Publication series

NameSIGIR'12 - Proceedings of the International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval

Conference

Conference35th Annual ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval, SIGIR 2012
CountryUnited States
CityPortland, OR
Period12/8/1212/8/16

Keywords

  • diversified search
  • search result
  • user study
  • visualization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems

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  • Cite this

    Iwata, M., Sakai, T., Yamamoto, T., Chen, Y., Liu, Y., Wen, J. R., & Nishio, S. (2012). AspecTiles: Tile-based visualization of diversified web search results. In SIGIR'12 - Proceedings of the International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval (pp. 85-94). (SIGIR'12 - Proceedings of the International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval). https://doi.org/10.1145/2348283.2348298