Association of perceived built environment attributes with objectively measured physical activity in community-dwelling ambulatory patients with stroke

Masashi Kanai, Kazuhiro P. Izawa, Hiroki Kubo, Masafumi Nozoe, Kyoshi Mase, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Koichiro Oka, Shinichi Shimada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


There is little evidence on how perceptions of the built environment may influence physical activity among post-stroke patients. This study aimed to explore the associations between perceived built environment attributes and objectively measured physical activity outcomes in community-dwelling ambulatory patients with stroke. This cross-sectional study recruited patients who could walk outside without assistance. We assessed both objectively measured physical activity outcomes such as number of steps and duration of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with an accelerometer and the patients’ perceived surrounding built environment with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Environmental Module. Sixty-one patients (67.0 years old) were included. The multiple linear regression analysis showed significant associations of the presence of sidewalks (β = 0.274, p = 0.016) and access to recreational facilities (β = 0.284, p = 0.010) with the number of steps taken (adjusted R2 = 0.33). In contrast, no significant associations were found between perceived built environment attributes and MVPA. These findings may help to suggest an approach to promote appropriate physical activity in patients with stroke depending on their surrounding built environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3908
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 2



  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Physical activity
  • Stroke rehabilitation
  • Urban design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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