Association of self-reported physical activity patterns and socio-demographic factors among normal-weight and overweight Japanese men

Yung Liao, Kazuhiro Harada, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Koichiro Oka, Yoshio Nakamura, Shigeru Inoue, Teruichi Shimomitsu

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Background: It is still not known whether overweight men have different patterns and socio-demographic correlates of self-reported physical activity (PA) compared with normal-weight men. Thus, this study examined the perceived PA patterns and associated socio-demographic factors among normal-weight and overweight Japanese men. Methods: Data were analyzed for 1,420 men (aged 44.4 ± 8.3 years) who responded to an Internet-based crosssectional survey relating to socio-demographic variables, BMI status, and a short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Mann-Whitney, chi-square, and binary logistic regression analyses were employed. Results: Normal-weight men were significantly more likely to attain 150 minutes per week of moderate-to-vigorous PA than overweight men (26.6 % vs. 21.3 %; p = 0.035), whereas there were no significant proportional differences in total PA and walking between the two BMI subgroups. With PA, a significant interaction was observed between BMI status and household income (p = 0.004 for total PA; p = 0.02 for walking). In the subgroup analyses, having a lower household income (odds ratio, 0.63; 95 % confidence interval, 0.41-0.96) was negatively associated with attaining 150 minutes of walking per week among normal-weight men. No significant associations between household income and attaining 150 minutes per week of total PA and walking were found among overweight men. Conclusions: The results revealed that patterns and socio-demographic correlates of self-reported PA in overweight men are different from those in normal-weight men. This finding suggests the necessity of developing specific strategies for PA intervention among overweight men. Socio-demographic correlates of PA may be more important for normal-weight than overweight men.

Original languageEnglish
Article number278
JournalBMC Public Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012 May 28



  • BMI
  • Japanese
  • Overweight
  • Physical activity patterns
  • Socio-demographic factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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