Associations between perceived health benefits and barriers to strength training, and stages of change for strength-training behavior among older japanese adults

Kazuhiro Harada, Ai Shibata, Euna Lee, Koichiro Oka, Yoshio Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although several studies have examined associations of perceived benefits and barriers with physical activity, no studies have focused on them corresponding to strength-training recommendations for older adults. This study examined the associations among the perceived health benefits of strength training, perceived barriers to strength straining, and stages of change for strength-training behavior in older Japanese adults. Methods: This cross-sectional survey included a random sample of 1144 adults (60-74 years) from the city of Tokorozawa. Stage of change was the independent variable, with perceived health benefits (eg, strength training can reduce body pain) and perceived barriers (eg, facilities are needed for strength training) as dependent variables. Data were analyzed by analysis of covariance and Bonferroni's multiple comparison. Results: After adjusting for demographic variables, the perceived health-benefit score for precontemplation was significantly lower than for the other four stages. The perceived barrier scores in the precontemplation and contemplation stages were significantly higher than those in the preparation and maintenance stages. Conclusions: These results suggest that information about the health benefits for older adults and about the recommended type of strength training might be useful for the development of strategies to promote strength training among older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-809
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Resistance Training
Insurance Benefits
Cross-Sectional Studies
Maintenance
Demography
Exercise
Pain

Keywords

  • Exercise psychology
  • Gerontology
  • Health promotion
  • Motivation
  • Resistance training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

@article{0ed3c65e245346fa93c1f437f29f891d,
title = "Associations between perceived health benefits and barriers to strength training, and stages of change for strength-training behavior among older japanese adults",
abstract = "Background: Although several studies have examined associations of perceived benefits and barriers with physical activity, no studies have focused on them corresponding to strength-training recommendations for older adults. This study examined the associations among the perceived health benefits of strength training, perceived barriers to strength straining, and stages of change for strength-training behavior in older Japanese adults. Methods: This cross-sectional survey included a random sample of 1144 adults (60-74 years) from the city of Tokorozawa. Stage of change was the independent variable, with perceived health benefits (eg, strength training can reduce body pain) and perceived barriers (eg, facilities are needed for strength training) as dependent variables. Data were analyzed by analysis of covariance and Bonferroni's multiple comparison. Results: After adjusting for demographic variables, the perceived health-benefit score for precontemplation was significantly lower than for the other four stages. The perceived barrier scores in the precontemplation and contemplation stages were significantly higher than those in the preparation and maintenance stages. Conclusions: These results suggest that information about the health benefits for older adults and about the recommended type of strength training might be useful for the development of strategies to promote strength training among older adults.",
keywords = "Exercise psychology, Gerontology, Health promotion, Motivation, Resistance training",
author = "Kazuhiro Harada and Ai Shibata and Euna Lee and Koichiro Oka and Yoshio Nakamura",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1123/jpah.2012-0060",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "801--809",
journal = "Journal of Physical Activity and Health",
issn = "1543-3080",
publisher = "Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations between perceived health benefits and barriers to strength training, and stages of change for strength-training behavior among older japanese adults

AU - Harada, Kazuhiro

AU - Shibata, Ai

AU - Lee, Euna

AU - Oka, Koichiro

AU - Nakamura, Yoshio

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background: Although several studies have examined associations of perceived benefits and barriers with physical activity, no studies have focused on them corresponding to strength-training recommendations for older adults. This study examined the associations among the perceived health benefits of strength training, perceived barriers to strength straining, and stages of change for strength-training behavior in older Japanese adults. Methods: This cross-sectional survey included a random sample of 1144 adults (60-74 years) from the city of Tokorozawa. Stage of change was the independent variable, with perceived health benefits (eg, strength training can reduce body pain) and perceived barriers (eg, facilities are needed for strength training) as dependent variables. Data were analyzed by analysis of covariance and Bonferroni's multiple comparison. Results: After adjusting for demographic variables, the perceived health-benefit score for precontemplation was significantly lower than for the other four stages. The perceived barrier scores in the precontemplation and contemplation stages were significantly higher than those in the preparation and maintenance stages. Conclusions: These results suggest that information about the health benefits for older adults and about the recommended type of strength training might be useful for the development of strategies to promote strength training among older adults.

AB - Background: Although several studies have examined associations of perceived benefits and barriers with physical activity, no studies have focused on them corresponding to strength-training recommendations for older adults. This study examined the associations among the perceived health benefits of strength training, perceived barriers to strength straining, and stages of change for strength-training behavior in older Japanese adults. Methods: This cross-sectional survey included a random sample of 1144 adults (60-74 years) from the city of Tokorozawa. Stage of change was the independent variable, with perceived health benefits (eg, strength training can reduce body pain) and perceived barriers (eg, facilities are needed for strength training) as dependent variables. Data were analyzed by analysis of covariance and Bonferroni's multiple comparison. Results: After adjusting for demographic variables, the perceived health-benefit score for precontemplation was significantly lower than for the other four stages. The perceived barrier scores in the precontemplation and contemplation stages were significantly higher than those in the preparation and maintenance stages. Conclusions: These results suggest that information about the health benefits for older adults and about the recommended type of strength training might be useful for the development of strategies to promote strength training among older adults.

KW - Exercise psychology

KW - Gerontology

KW - Health promotion

KW - Motivation

KW - Resistance training

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84906279399&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84906279399&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1123/jpah.2012-0060

DO - 10.1123/jpah.2012-0060

M3 - Article

C2 - 25078524

AN - SCOPUS:84906279399

VL - 11

SP - 801

EP - 809

JO - Journal of Physical Activity and Health

JF - Journal of Physical Activity and Health

SN - 1543-3080

IS - 4

ER -