Associations of public open space attributes with active and sedentary behaviors in dense urban areas: A systematic review of observational studies

Monica Motomura*, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Chien Yu Lin, Kaori Ishii, Ai Shibata, Tomoki Nakaya, Andrew T. Kaczynski, Jenny Veitch, Koichiro Oka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

In the context of rapid urbanization, public open spaces in dense urban areas are critical built environment elements to support active lifestyles. Several reviews have explored the associations of public open space attributes with physically active and sedentary behavior. However, few reviews have included studies from Asia, and no studies have focused on dense urban areas. This systematic review analyzed 18 observational studies investigating associations between public open space attributes with physical activity and sedentary behavior in dense urban areas of East Asian countries, including Japan, Taiwan, China, and Hong Kong. We found that closer distance to and a greater number of public open spaces and features within them were positively associated with leisure-time physical activity. Places near water features and corridors within public open spaces were associated with more sedentary behavior. These findings inform landscape and urban design guidelines for (re)designing public open spaces to support active lifestyles in high dense urban areas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102816
JournalHealth and Place
Volume75
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May

Keywords

  • Evidence-based design
  • Green spaces
  • Health & design
  • High density
  • Sitting time
  • Urban design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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