Atom-atom interactions around the band edge of a photonic crystal waveguide

Jonathan D. Hood, Akihisa Goban, Ana Asenjo-Garcia, Mingwu Lu, Su Peng Yu, Darrick E. Chang, H. J. Kimble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tailoring the interactions between quantum emitters and single photons constitutes one of the cornerstones of quantum optics. Coupling a quantum emitter to the band edge of a photonic crystal waveguide (PCW) provides a unique platform for tuning these interactions. In particular, the cross-over from propagating fields E(x) ∝ e±ikxx outside the bandgap to localized fields E(x) ∝ e-κx|x| within the bandgap should be accompanied by a transition from largely dissipative atom-atom interactions to a regime where dispersive atom-atom interactions are dominant. Here, we experimentally observe this transition by shifting the band edge frequency of the PCW relative to the D1 line of atomic cesium for N̄ = 3.0 ± 0.5 atoms trapped along the PCW. Our results are the initial demonstration of this paradigm for coherent atom-atom interactions with low dissipation into the guided mode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10507-10512
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume113
Issue number38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 20
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atomic physics
  • Nanophotonics
  • Quantum optics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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