Atomic distribution in Inx Ga1-x N single quantum wells studied by extended x-ray absorption fine structure

Takafumi Miyanaga, Takashi Azuhata, Shigenobu Matsuda, Yoshikazu Ishikawa, Shinya Sasaki, Tomoya Uruga, Hajime Tanida, Shigefusa F. Chichibu, Takayuki Sota

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The anisotropy of the local structure around In atoms in high quality Inx Ga1-x N (x=0.145,0.20,0.275) single quantum wells (SQWs) was investigated by fluorescence extended x-ray absorption fine structure measurements using linearly polarized x ray whose electric field was set to be both horizontal and vertical to the SQWs. The interatomic distance was isotropic for the nearest In-N, whereas for the second nearest In-Ga and In-In, the interatomic distance for out-of-plane atoms was longer than that for in-plane atoms. From the analyses of the coordination number for In-In and In-Ga, the In atom distribution in the In0.275 Ga0.725 N SQW was found to be statistically random in both directions. On the other hand, In atoms in the In0.20 Ga0.80 N SQW, corresponding to green light-emitting diodes (LEDs), were randomly distributed in the horizontal direction but aggregated in the vertical direction. Correlation was suggested between the vertical aggregation and the higher efficiency of InGaN-based blue to green LEDs.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number035314
    JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
    Volume76
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jul 12

    Fingerprint

    x ray absorption
    Semiconductor quantum wells
    fine structure
    quantum wells
    X rays
    Atoms
    atoms
    Light emitting diodes
    light emitting diodes
    coordination number
    Anisotropy
    Agglomeration
    Fluorescence
    Electric fields
    fluorescence
    anisotropy
    electric fields
    Direction compound
    x rays

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Condensed Matter Physics

    Cite this

    Atomic distribution in Inx Ga1-x N single quantum wells studied by extended x-ray absorption fine structure. / Miyanaga, Takafumi; Azuhata, Takashi; Matsuda, Shigenobu; Ishikawa, Yoshikazu; Sasaki, Shinya; Uruga, Tomoya; Tanida, Hajime; Chichibu, Shigefusa F.; Sota, Takayuki.

    In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 76, No. 3, 035314, 12.07.2007.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Miyanaga, Takafumi ; Azuhata, Takashi ; Matsuda, Shigenobu ; Ishikawa, Yoshikazu ; Sasaki, Shinya ; Uruga, Tomoya ; Tanida, Hajime ; Chichibu, Shigefusa F. ; Sota, Takayuki. / Atomic distribution in Inx Ga1-x N single quantum wells studied by extended x-ray absorption fine structure. In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 2007 ; Vol. 76, No. 3.
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    abstract = "The anisotropy of the local structure around In atoms in high quality Inx Ga1-x N (x=0.145,0.20,0.275) single quantum wells (SQWs) was investigated by fluorescence extended x-ray absorption fine structure measurements using linearly polarized x ray whose electric field was set to be both horizontal and vertical to the SQWs. The interatomic distance was isotropic for the nearest In-N, whereas for the second nearest In-Ga and In-In, the interatomic distance for out-of-plane atoms was longer than that for in-plane atoms. From the analyses of the coordination number for In-In and In-Ga, the In atom distribution in the In0.275 Ga0.725 N SQW was found to be statistically random in both directions. On the other hand, In atoms in the In0.20 Ga0.80 N SQW, corresponding to green light-emitting diodes (LEDs), were randomly distributed in the horizontal direction but aggregated in the vertical direction. Correlation was suggested between the vertical aggregation and the higher efficiency of InGaN-based blue to green LEDs.",
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    AU - Azuhata, Takashi

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    AU - Ishikawa, Yoshikazu

    AU - Sasaki, Shinya

    AU - Uruga, Tomoya

    AU - Tanida, Hajime

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    AU - Sota, Takayuki

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