Atomic origins of the high catalytic activity of nanoporous gold

Takeshi Fujita, Pengfei Guan, Keith McKenna, Xingyou Lang, Akihiko Hirata, Ling Zhang, Tomoharu Tokunaga, Shigeo Arai, Yuta Yamamoto, Nobuo Tanaka, Yoshifumi Ishikawa, Naoki Asao, Yoshinori Yamamoto, Jonah Erlebacher, Mingwei Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

496 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Distinct from inert bulk gold, nanoparticulate gold has been found to possess remarkable catalytic activity towards oxidation reactions. The catalytic performance of nanoparticulate gold strongly depends on size and support, and catalytic activity usually cannot be observed at characteristic sizes larger than 5ĝ‰nm. Interestingly, significant catalytic activity can be retained in dealloyed nanoporous gold (NPG) even when its feature lengths are larger than 30-nm. Here we report atomic insights of the NPG catalysis, characterized by spherical-aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and environmental TEM. A high density of atomic steps and kinks is observed on the curved surfaces of NPG, comparable to 3-5nm nanoparticles, which are stabilized by hyperboloid-like gold ligaments. In situ TEM observations provide compelling evidence that the surface defects are active sites for the catalytic oxidation of CO and residual Ag stabilizes the atomic steps by suppressing {111} faceting kinetics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-780
Number of pages6
JournalNature Materials
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Gold
catalytic activity
Catalyst activity
gold
Transmission electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy
ligaments
oxidation
curved surfaces
Catalytic oxidation
Ligaments
Surface defects
surface defects
Carbon Monoxide
Aberrations
Catalyst supports
Catalysis
catalysis
aberration
Nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Fujita, T., Guan, P., McKenna, K., Lang, X., Hirata, A., Zhang, L., ... Chen, M. (2012). Atomic origins of the high catalytic activity of nanoporous gold. Nature Materials, 11(9), 775-780. https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat3391

Atomic origins of the high catalytic activity of nanoporous gold. / Fujita, Takeshi; Guan, Pengfei; McKenna, Keith; Lang, Xingyou; Hirata, Akihiko; Zhang, Ling; Tokunaga, Tomoharu; Arai, Shigeo; Yamamoto, Yuta; Tanaka, Nobuo; Ishikawa, Yoshifumi; Asao, Naoki; Yamamoto, Yoshinori; Erlebacher, Jonah; Chen, Mingwei.

In: Nature Materials, Vol. 11, No. 9, 01.01.2012, p. 775-780.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fujita, T, Guan, P, McKenna, K, Lang, X, Hirata, A, Zhang, L, Tokunaga, T, Arai, S, Yamamoto, Y, Tanaka, N, Ishikawa, Y, Asao, N, Yamamoto, Y, Erlebacher, J & Chen, M 2012, 'Atomic origins of the high catalytic activity of nanoporous gold', Nature Materials, vol. 11, no. 9, pp. 775-780. https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat3391
Fujita T, Guan P, McKenna K, Lang X, Hirata A, Zhang L et al. Atomic origins of the high catalytic activity of nanoporous gold. Nature Materials. 2012 Jan 1;11(9):775-780. https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat3391
Fujita, Takeshi ; Guan, Pengfei ; McKenna, Keith ; Lang, Xingyou ; Hirata, Akihiko ; Zhang, Ling ; Tokunaga, Tomoharu ; Arai, Shigeo ; Yamamoto, Yuta ; Tanaka, Nobuo ; Ishikawa, Yoshifumi ; Asao, Naoki ; Yamamoto, Yoshinori ; Erlebacher, Jonah ; Chen, Mingwei. / Atomic origins of the high catalytic activity of nanoporous gold. In: Nature Materials. 2012 ; Vol. 11, No. 9. pp. 775-780.
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