Attention-Based Multi-Hypothesis Fusion for Speech Summarization

Takatomo Kano, Atsunori Ogawa, Marc Delcroix, Shinji Watanabe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Speech summarization, which generates a text summary from speech, can be achieved by combining automatic speech recognition (ASR) and text summarization (TS). With this cascade approach, we can exploit state-of-the-art models and large training datasets for both subtasks, i.e., Transformer for ASR and Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT) for TS. However, ASR errors directly affect the quality of the output summary in the cascade approach. We propose a cascade speech summarization model that is robust to ASR errors and that exploits multiple hypotheses generated by ASR to attenuate the effect of ASR errors on the summary. We investigate several schemes to combine ASR hypotheses. First, we propose using the sum of sub-word embedding vectors weighted by their posterior values provided by an ASR system as an input to a BERT-based TS system. Then, we introduce a more general scheme that uses an attention-based fusion module added to a pre-trained BERT module to align and combine several ASR hypotheses. Finally, we perform speech summarization experiments on the How2 dataset and a newly assembled TED-based dataset that we will release with this paper11https://github.com/nttcslab-sp-admin/TEDSummary. These experiments show that retraining the BERT-based TS system with these schemes can improve summarization performance and that the attention-based fusion module is particularly effective.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 IEEE Automatic Speech Recognition and Understanding Workshop, ASRU 2021 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages487-494
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781665437394
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event2021 IEEE Automatic Speech Recognition and Understanding Workshop, ASRU 2021 - Cartagena, Colombia
Duration: 2021 Dec 132021 Dec 17

Publication series

Name2021 IEEE Automatic Speech Recognition and Understanding Workshop, ASRU 2021 - Proceedings

Conference

Conference2021 IEEE Automatic Speech Recognition and Understanding Workshop, ASRU 2021
Country/TerritoryColombia
CityCartagena
Period21/12/1321/12/17

Keywords

  • Attention-based Fusion
  • Automatic Speech Recognition
  • BERT
  • Speech Summarization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Signal Processing
  • Linguistics and Language

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