In the scalar-tensor theory of gravitation it seems nontrivial to establish if solutions of the cosmological equations in the presence of a cosmological constant (or a vacuum energy) behave as attractors independently of the initial values. We develop a general formulation in terms of two-dimensional phase space, mainly according to the Brans-Dicke model requiring the scalar field decoupled from the matter Lagrangian in the Jordan frame. We show that there are two kinds of fixed points, one of which is an attractor depending on the coupling constant and equation of state. We find that the static universe in the Jordan frame is an attractor in the presence of a cosmological constant for some range of the coupling constant. We extend our analysis to a power-law potential, finding a new type of power-law inflation caused by the coupling to the matter fluid, also as an attractor.
|Journal||Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Apr 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics