Band-like temperature dependence of mobility in a solution-processed organic semiconductor

Tomo Sakanoue, Henning Sirringhaus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

320 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mobility μ of solution-processed organic semiconductorshas improved markedly to room-temperature values of 1-5 cm 2 V -1 s -1. In spite of their growing technological importance, the fundamental open question remains whether charges are localized onto individual molecules or exhibit extended-state band conduction like those in inorganic semiconductors. The high bulk mobility of 100 cm 2 V -1 s -1 at 10 K of some molecular single crystals provides clear evidence that extended-state conduction is possible in van-der-Waals-bonded solids at low temperatures. However, the nature of conduction at room temperature with mobilities close to the Ioffe-Regel limit remains controversial. Here we investigate the origin of an apparent band-like, negative temperature coefficient of the mobility (dμ/dT<0) in spin-coated films of 6,13-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl)-pentacene. We use optical spectroscopy of gate-induced charge carriers to show that, at low temperature and small lateral electric field, charges become localized onto individual molecules in shallow trap states, but that a moderate lateral electric field is able to detrap them resulting in highly nonlinear, low-temperature transport. The negative temperature coefficient of the mobility at high fields is not due to extended-state conduction but to localized transport limited by thermal lattice fluctuations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)736-740
Number of pages5
JournalNature Materials
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

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