Beam-induced and cosmic-ray backgrounds observed in the ATLAS detector during the LHC 2012 proton-proton running period

The ATLAS Collaboration, T. Iizawa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper discusses various observations on beam-induced and cosmic-ray backgrounds in the ATLAS detector during the LHC 2012 proton-proton run. Building on published results based on 2011 data, the correlations between background and residual pressure of the beam vacuum are revisited. Ghost charge evolution over 2012 and its role for backgrounds are evaluated. New methods to monitor ghost charge with beam-gas rates are presented and observations of LHC abort gap population by ghost charge are discussed in detail. Fake jets from colliding bunches and from ghost charge are analysed with improved methods, showing that ghost charge in individual radio-frequency buckets of the LHC can be resolved. Some results of two short periods of dedicated cosmic-ray background data-taking are shown; in particular cosmic-ray muon induced fake jet rates are compared to Monte Carlo simulations and to the fake jet rates from beam background. A thorough analysis of a particular LHC fill, where abnormally high background was observed, is presented. Correlations between backgrounds and beam intensity losses in special fills with very high β are studied.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberP05013
    JournalJournal of Instrumentation
    Volume11
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 20

    Fingerprint

    Cosmic rays
    Cosmic Rays
    ghosts
    cosmic rays
    Protons
    Detector
    Detectors
    protons
    detectors
    Charge
    buckets
    Vacuum
    muons
    radio frequencies
    Gases
    Background
    vacuum
    Monitor
    Monte Carlo Simulation
    gases

    Keywords

    • Beam-intensity monitors
    • Beam-line instrumentation (beam position and profile monitors
    • Bunch length monitors)
    • Data analysis
    • Performance of high energy physics detectors

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Instrumentation
    • Mathematical Physics

    Cite this

    Beam-induced and cosmic-ray backgrounds observed in the ATLAS detector during the LHC 2012 proton-proton running period. / The ATLAS Collaboration; Iizawa, T.

    In: Journal of Instrumentation, Vol. 11, No. 5, P05013, 20.05.2016.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    abstract = "This paper discusses various observations on beam-induced and cosmic-ray backgrounds in the ATLAS detector during the LHC 2012 proton-proton run. Building on published results based on 2011 data, the correlations between background and residual pressure of the beam vacuum are revisited. Ghost charge evolution over 2012 and its role for backgrounds are evaluated. New methods to monitor ghost charge with beam-gas rates are presented and observations of LHC abort gap population by ghost charge are discussed in detail. Fake jets from colliding bunches and from ghost charge are analysed with improved methods, showing that ghost charge in individual radio-frequency buckets of the LHC can be resolved. Some results of two short periods of dedicated cosmic-ray background data-taking are shown; in particular cosmic-ray muon induced fake jet rates are compared to Monte Carlo simulations and to the fake jet rates from beam background. A thorough analysis of a particular LHC fill, where abnormally high background was observed, is presented. Correlations between backgrounds and beam intensity losses in special fills with very high β∗ are studied.",
    keywords = "Beam-intensity monitors, Beam-line instrumentation (beam position and profile monitors, Bunch length monitors), Data analysis, Performance of high energy physics detectors",
    author = "{The ATLAS Collaboration} and G. Aad and B. Abbott and J. Abdallah and O. Abdinov and B. Abeloos and R. Aben and M. Abolins and AbouZeid, {O. S.} and Abraham, {N. L.} and H. Abramowicz and H. Abreu and R. Abreu and Y. Abulaiti and Acharya, {B. S.} and L. Adamczyk and Adams, {D. L.} and J. Adelman and S. Adomeit and T. Adye and Affolder, {A. A.} and T. Agatonovic-Jovin and J. Agricola and Aguilar-Saavedra, {J. A.} and Ahlen, {S. P.} and F. Ahmadov and G. Aielli and H. Akerstedt and {\AA}kesson, {T. P A} and Akimov, {A. V.} and Alberghi, {G. L.} and J. Albert and S. Albrand and {Alconada Verzini}, {M. J.} and M. Aleksa and Aleksandrov, {I. N.} and C. Alexa and G. Alexander and T. Alexopoulos and M. Alhroob and M. Aliev and G. Alimonti and J. Alison and Alkire, {S. P.} and Allbrooke, {B. M M} and Allen, {B. W.} and Allport, {P. P.} and T. Iizawa and Takashi Mitani and Masahiro Morinaga and Kohei Yorita",
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    T1 - Beam-induced and cosmic-ray backgrounds observed in the ATLAS detector during the LHC 2012 proton-proton running period

    AU - The ATLAS Collaboration

    AU - Aad, G.

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    AU - Abdallah, J.

    AU - Abdinov, O.

    AU - Abeloos, B.

    AU - Aben, R.

    AU - Abolins, M.

    AU - AbouZeid, O. S.

    AU - Abraham, N. L.

    AU - Abramowicz, H.

    AU - Abreu, H.

    AU - Abreu, R.

    AU - Abulaiti, Y.

    AU - Acharya, B. S.

    AU - Adamczyk, L.

    AU - Adams, D. L.

    AU - Adelman, J.

    AU - Adomeit, S.

    AU - Adye, T.

    AU - Affolder, A. A.

    AU - Agatonovic-Jovin, T.

    AU - Agricola, J.

    AU - Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.

    AU - Ahlen, S. P.

    AU - Ahmadov, F.

    AU - Aielli, G.

    AU - Akerstedt, H.

    AU - Åkesson, T. P A

    AU - Akimov, A. V.

    AU - Alberghi, G. L.

    AU - Albert, J.

    AU - Albrand, S.

    AU - Alconada Verzini, M. J.

    AU - Aleksa, M.

    AU - Aleksandrov, I. N.

    AU - Alexa, C.

    AU - Alexander, G.

    AU - Alexopoulos, T.

    AU - Alhroob, M.

    AU - Aliev, M.

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    AU - Allen, B. W.

    AU - Allport, P. P.

    AU - Iizawa, T.

    AU - Mitani, Takashi

    AU - Morinaga, Masahiro

    AU - Yorita, Kohei

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    N2 - This paper discusses various observations on beam-induced and cosmic-ray backgrounds in the ATLAS detector during the LHC 2012 proton-proton run. Building on published results based on 2011 data, the correlations between background and residual pressure of the beam vacuum are revisited. Ghost charge evolution over 2012 and its role for backgrounds are evaluated. New methods to monitor ghost charge with beam-gas rates are presented and observations of LHC abort gap population by ghost charge are discussed in detail. Fake jets from colliding bunches and from ghost charge are analysed with improved methods, showing that ghost charge in individual radio-frequency buckets of the LHC can be resolved. Some results of two short periods of dedicated cosmic-ray background data-taking are shown; in particular cosmic-ray muon induced fake jet rates are compared to Monte Carlo simulations and to the fake jet rates from beam background. A thorough analysis of a particular LHC fill, where abnormally high background was observed, is presented. Correlations between backgrounds and beam intensity losses in special fills with very high β∗ are studied.

    AB - This paper discusses various observations on beam-induced and cosmic-ray backgrounds in the ATLAS detector during the LHC 2012 proton-proton run. Building on published results based on 2011 data, the correlations between background and residual pressure of the beam vacuum are revisited. Ghost charge evolution over 2012 and its role for backgrounds are evaluated. New methods to monitor ghost charge with beam-gas rates are presented and observations of LHC abort gap population by ghost charge are discussed in detail. Fake jets from colliding bunches and from ghost charge are analysed with improved methods, showing that ghost charge in individual radio-frequency buckets of the LHC can be resolved. Some results of two short periods of dedicated cosmic-ray background data-taking are shown; in particular cosmic-ray muon induced fake jet rates are compared to Monte Carlo simulations and to the fake jet rates from beam background. A thorough analysis of a particular LHC fill, where abnormally high background was observed, is presented. Correlations between backgrounds and beam intensity losses in special fills with very high β∗ are studied.

    KW - Beam-intensity monitors

    KW - Beam-line instrumentation (beam position and profile monitors

    KW - Bunch length monitors)

    KW - Data analysis

    KW - Performance of high energy physics detectors

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