Before the 'locomotive' runs: The impact of the 1973-1974 oil shock on Japan and the international financial system

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Abstract

This article offers a Japanese perspective on the debate about the international financial system immediately after the first oil shock of 1973-4. Using archival records from the OECD and Bank of Japan, I analyze the three key policy issues discussed at the meetings of Working Party 3 (WP3) of the OECD: Petrodollar recycling, balance-of-payments adjustments, and the management of global growth. Documents show that the Japanese approach to capital controls, exchange rate management, state-led growth orientation and international banking strategies was rather strengthened by the impact of the oil shock. By 1975 the OECD viewed Japan, together with Germany and the United States, as one of the 'locomotives' that would trigger a revival of economic growth in the industrialized West.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)418-435
Number of pages18
JournalFinancial History Review
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Japan
  • OECD
  • balance-of-payment adjustment
  • petrodollars
  • recycling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Finance

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