Behavior of the electroless composite films plated from a Ni-P bath with metallic dispersion of Zr and Nb powders

Tetsuya Osaka, Ichiro Koiwa, Masahiko Usuda, Katsuya Arai, Iku Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An electroless Ni-Zr-P composite film and a Ni-Nb-P composite film were plated and their heat-treating behaviors were investigated. The addition of 20 g dm-3 of metallic powder resulted in a composite film that contained 21.2 weight percent (w/o) of Zr, [13.8 atom percent (a/o)], or 4.8 w/o of Nb, (2.9 a/o), respectively. Both metallic powders were dispersed uniformly throughout the films. The metallic Ni formed by the crystallization of the Ni-P matrix diffused into the metallic powders, and the amorphous Ni-Zr and Ni-Nb phases were formed by heat-treatment at 500° or 300°C. Some parts of the amorphous Ni-ZR phases and the metallic Ni phases combined to form intermetallic compounds by heat-treatment at 600°C. The nickel-rich parts of the amorphous Ni-Nb phase were converted into a metastable Ni-Nb phase (η phase) or a Ni-Nb solid solution by heat-treatment at 700°C. The longer heating time at 400°C increased the amount of the Ni-Zr amorphouse phase: however, it decreased the reactivity of the amorphous Ni-Zr phase. The same heat-treatment of 400°C did not give the considerable change on the amorphous Ni-Nb phase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1124-1128
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume136
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1989 Apr

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Composite films
Powders
baths
heat treatment
composite materials
Heat treatment
intermetallics
Crystallization
Nickel
solid solutions
reactivity
Intermetallics
nickel
crystallization
Solid solutions
heat
heating
Heating
matrices
Atoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Behavior of the electroless composite films plated from a Ni-P bath with metallic dispersion of Zr and Nb powders. / Osaka, Tetsuya; Koiwa, Ichiro; Usuda, Masahiko; Arai, Katsuya; Saito, Iku.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 136, No. 4, 04.1989, p. 1124-1128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Osaka, Tetsuya ; Koiwa, Ichiro ; Usuda, Masahiko ; Arai, Katsuya ; Saito, Iku. / Behavior of the electroless composite films plated from a Ni-P bath with metallic dispersion of Zr and Nb powders. In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 1989 ; Vol. 136, No. 4. pp. 1124-1128.
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