Birth of Archaeal Cells: Molecular Phylogenetic Analyses of G1P Dehydrogenase, G3P Dehydrogenases, and Glycerol Kinase Suggest Derived Features of Archaeal Membranes Having G1P Polar Lipids

Shin Ichi Yokobori, Yoshiki Nakajima, Satoshi Akanuma, Akihiko Yamagishi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Bacteria and Eukarya have cell membranes with sn-glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P), whereas archaeal membranes contain sn-glycerol-1-phosphate (G1P). Determining the time at which cells with either G3P-lipid membranes or G1P-lipid membranes appeared is important for understanding the early evolution of terrestrial life. To clarify this issue, we reconstructed molecular phylogenetic trees of G1PDH (G1P dehydrogenase; EgsA/AraM) which is responsible for G1P synthesis and G3PDHs (G3P dehydrogenase; GpsA and GlpA/GlpD) and glycerol kinase (GlpK) which is responsible for G3P synthesis. Together with the distribution of these protein-encoding genes among archaeal and bacterial groups, our phylogenetic analyses suggested that GlpA/GlpD in the Commonote (the last universal common ancestor of all extant life with a cellular form, Commonote commonote) acquired EgsA (G1PDH) from the archaeal common ancestor (Commonote archaea) and acquired GpsA and GlpK from a bacterial common ancestor (Commonote bacteria). In our scenario based on this study, the Commonote probably possessed a G3P-lipid membrane synthesized enzymatically, after which the archaeal lineage acquired G1PDH followed by the replacement of a G3P-lipid membrane with a G1P-lipid membrane.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1802675
    JournalArchaea
    Volume2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Fingerprint

    glycerol kinase
    Glycerol Kinase
    glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
    Glycerolphosphate Dehydrogenase
    glycerol
    lipid
    phosphate
    Parturition
    phosphates
    membrane
    phylogenetics
    Lipids
    Membranes
    Membrane Lipids
    phylogeny
    lipids
    cells
    common ancestry
    ancestry
    Archaeal Genes

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Microbiology
    • Physiology
    • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

    Cite this

    Birth of Archaeal Cells : Molecular Phylogenetic Analyses of G1P Dehydrogenase, G3P Dehydrogenases, and Glycerol Kinase Suggest Derived Features of Archaeal Membranes Having G1P Polar Lipids. / Yokobori, Shin Ichi; Nakajima, Yoshiki; Akanuma, Satoshi; Yamagishi, Akihiko.

    In: Archaea, Vol. 2016, 1802675, 2016.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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