The generalized Proca theories with second-order equations of motion can be healthily ex-tended to a more general framework in which the number of propagating degrees of freedom re-mains unchanged. In the presence of a quartic-order nonminimal coupling to gravity arising in beyond-generalized Proca theories, the speed of gravitational waves ct on the Friedmann-Lematre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) cosmological background can be equal to that of light c under a certain condition. By using this condition alone, we show that the speed of gravitational waves in the vicinity of static and spherically symmetric black holes is also equivalent to c for the propagation of odd-parity perturbations along both radial and angular directions. As a by-product, the black holes arising in our beyond-generalized Proca theories are plagued by neither ghost nor Laplacian instabilities against odd-parity perturbations. We show the existence of both exact and numerical black hole solutions endowed with vector hairs induced by the quartic-order coupling.
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Mar 16|
ASJC Scopus subject areas