Bubble universes with different gravitational constants

Yu Ichi Takamizu, Keiichi Maeda

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    We argue a scenario motivated by the context of string landscape, where our Universe is produced by a new vacuum bubble embedded in an old bubble and these bubble universes have not only different cosmological constants, but also their own different gravitational constants. We study these effects on the primordial curvature perturbations. In order to construct a model of varying gravitational constants, we use the Jordan-Brans-Dicke theory where different expectation values of scalar fields produce difference of constants. In this system, we investigate the nucleation of the bubble universe and the dynamics of the wall separating two spacetimes. In particular, the primordial curvature perturbation on superhorizon scales can be affected by the wall trajectory as the boundary effect. We show how the gravitational constant in the exterior bubble universe modifies the power spectrum, that provides a peak like a bump feature at a large scale.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number023514
    JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 13

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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