Bubble universes with different gravitational constants

Yu Ichi Takamizu, Keiichi Maeda

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We argue a scenario motivated by the context of string landscape, where our Universe is produced by a new vacuum bubble embedded in an old bubble and these bubble universes have not only different cosmological constants, but also their own different gravitational constants. We study these effects on the primordial curvature perturbations. In order to construct a model of varying gravitational constants, we use the Jordan-Brans-Dicke theory where different expectation values of scalar fields produce difference of constants. In this system, we investigate the nucleation of the bubble universe and the dynamics of the wall separating two spacetimes. In particular, the primordial curvature perturbation on superhorizon scales can be affected by the wall trajectory as the boundary effect. We show how the gravitational constant in the exterior bubble universe modifies the power spectrum, that provides a peak like a bump feature at a large scale.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number023514
    JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
    Volume92
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 13

    Fingerprint

    gravitational constant
    bubbles
    universe
    curvature
    perturbation
    Jordan
    power spectra
    strings
    trajectories
    nucleation
    scalars
    vacuum

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

    Cite this

    Bubble universes with different gravitational constants. / Takamizu, Yu Ichi; Maeda, Keiichi.

    In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol. 92, No. 2, 023514, 13.07.2015.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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