Calcium Metabolism, Serum Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone, Prolactin, and Growth Hormone in Spontaneously Hypercholesterolemic Rats

Kunio Shiota, Michio Takahashi, Tsuneo Masaki, Katsuichi Sudo

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We have shown previously that spontaneously hypercholesterolemic (SHC) rats exhibit abnormal bone metabolism with advanced bone resorption, which develops with age. In this study, we measured serum levels of growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and prolactin in addition to several parameters of calcium metabolism and renal function in young (6-week) and old (24-week) SHC rats and compared these with age-matched Sprague-Dawley rats. In young SHC rats, urinary excretion of hydroxyproline and serum levels of calcium were significantly elevated and excretion of protein into urine and urea nitrogen in the serum were normal, suggesting that calcium metabolism was abnormal without kidney dysfunction at this age. Serum growth hormone and thyroid-stimulating hormone levels were markedly higher (20- to 30-fold and 4- to 5-fold, respectively) in young and old SHC rats, whereas serum prolactin levels were similar. A high level of serum thyroid-stimulating hormone was associated with elevated levels of thyroxine and triiodothyronine in young SHC rats, but not old ones. These results demonstrate that the rat exhibits abnormalities in endocrine function as well as calcium metabolism preceding the occurrence of renal dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-233
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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