Capability development of local communities for project sustainability in afforestation/reforestation clean development mechanism

Makino Yamada Yamanoshita, Masahiro Amano

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    It has been recognized that the involvement of local community is essential to ensure the sustainability of A/R CDM (afforestation/reforestation clean development mechanism) project. This study verifies if the risks of non-permanence and leakage are addressed in a registered small scale A/R CDM project in Vietnam. Workshops, interviews, and a questionnaire survey of local villagers revealed that the project has caused a shortage of land for conventional activities such as grazing, fuel wood collection and shifting cultivation, and consequently posed the risks of project non-permanence and leakage. It is suggested that participation of all stakeholders in the community to the A/R CDM project beyond existing land tenure and adequate carbon benefit sharing according to the level of contribution to the project are required to reduce the risk of non permanence. To ensure the participation, the community should have capability such as consensus building and collective action. Leakage would be minimized if the community has alternative measures to the conventional activities before starting the project. We argue that it is necessary to first develop a community's capabilities in the readiness phase of any A/R CDM project in order to reduce the risks for the project sustainability, and that new sources of funding are needed for this purpose.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)425-440
    Number of pages16
    JournalMitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2012 Apr



    • A/R CDM
    • Capacity building
    • Community forestry
    • Forest carbon project
    • Payment for environmental services (PES)
    • REDD+
    • Sustainable forest management

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Global and Planetary Change
    • Ecology

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