Catalytic effect of Ni nano-particle and Nb oxide on H-desorption properties in MgH2 prepared by ball milling

Nobuko Hanada, T. Ichikawa, H. Fujii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

98 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined the catalytic effect of Ni nano-particle and Nb oxide on hydrogen desorption (HD) properties in MgH2 prepared by mechanical ball milling under a hydrogen gas atmosphere of 1 MPa. The MgH2 composite with 2 mol% Ni nano-particle prepared by milling for a short time of 15 min at 200 rpm desorbed a large amount of hydrogen (∼ 6.5 wt.%) in the temperature range from 150 to 250 ° C at heating rate of 5 ° C/min. On the other hand, the MgH2 composite with 1 mol% Nb2O 5 prepared by milling for a long time of 20 h at 400 rpm desorbed ∼ 6.0 wt.% H2 in the temperature range from 200 to 250 ° C at heating rate of 5 ° C/min. After second hydrogen absorption/desorption cycles at 200 ° C, the HD properties of the Ni-catalyzed MgH2 composite became worse than those before cycling, while the Nb2O 5-catalyzed composite showed better HD properties than those before cycling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)716-719
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume404-406
Issue numberSPEC. ISS.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 8
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ball milling
Oxides
Hydrogen
Desorption
Composite materials
Heating rate
Gases
Temperature

Keywords

  • High energy ball milling
  • Hydrogen storage material
  • Thermal analysis
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

Catalytic effect of Ni nano-particle and Nb oxide on H-desorption properties in MgH2 prepared by ball milling. / Hanada, Nobuko; Ichikawa, T.; Fujii, H.

In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 404-406, No. SPEC. ISS., 08.12.2005, p. 716-719.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Ichikawa, T.

AU - Fujii, H.

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N2 - We examined the catalytic effect of Ni nano-particle and Nb oxide on hydrogen desorption (HD) properties in MgH2 prepared by mechanical ball milling under a hydrogen gas atmosphere of 1 MPa. The MgH2 composite with 2 mol% Ni nano-particle prepared by milling for a short time of 15 min at 200 rpm desorbed a large amount of hydrogen (∼ 6.5 wt.%) in the temperature range from 150 to 250 ° C at heating rate of 5 ° C/min. On the other hand, the MgH2 composite with 1 mol% Nb2O 5 prepared by milling for a long time of 20 h at 400 rpm desorbed ∼ 6.0 wt.% H2 in the temperature range from 200 to 250 ° C at heating rate of 5 ° C/min. After second hydrogen absorption/desorption cycles at 200 ° C, the HD properties of the Ni-catalyzed MgH2 composite became worse than those before cycling, while the Nb2O 5-catalyzed composite showed better HD properties than those before cycling.

AB - We examined the catalytic effect of Ni nano-particle and Nb oxide on hydrogen desorption (HD) properties in MgH2 prepared by mechanical ball milling under a hydrogen gas atmosphere of 1 MPa. The MgH2 composite with 2 mol% Ni nano-particle prepared by milling for a short time of 15 min at 200 rpm desorbed a large amount of hydrogen (∼ 6.5 wt.%) in the temperature range from 150 to 250 ° C at heating rate of 5 ° C/min. On the other hand, the MgH2 composite with 1 mol% Nb2O 5 prepared by milling for a long time of 20 h at 400 rpm desorbed ∼ 6.0 wt.% H2 in the temperature range from 200 to 250 ° C at heating rate of 5 ° C/min. After second hydrogen absorption/desorption cycles at 200 ° C, the HD properties of the Ni-catalyzed MgH2 composite became worse than those before cycling, while the Nb2O 5-catalyzed composite showed better HD properties than those before cycling.

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