CDK-dependent phosphorylation of Alp7-Alp14 (TACC-TOG) promotes its nuclear accumulation and spindle microtubule assembly

Naoyuki Okada, Takashi Toda, Masayuki Yamamoto, Masamitsu Sato

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18 Citations (Scopus)


As cells transition from interphase to mitosis, the microtubule cytoskeleton is reorganized to form the mitotic spindle. In the closed mitosis of fission yeast, a microtubule-associated protein complex, Alp7-Alp14 (transforming acidic coiled-coil-tumor overexpressed gene), enters the nucleus upon mitotic entry and promotes spindle formation. However, how the complex is controlled to accumulate in the nucleus only during mitosis remains elusive. Here we demonstrate that Alp7-Alp14 is excluded from the nucleus during interphase using the nuclear export signal in Alp14 but is accumulated in the nucleus during mitosis through phosphorylation of Alp7 by the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK). Five phosphorylation sites reside around the nuclear localization signal of Alp7, and the phosphodeficient alp7-5A mutant fails to accumulate in the nucleus during mitosis and exhibits partial spindle defects. Thus our results reveal one way that CDK regulates spindle assembly at mitotic entry: CDK phosphorylates the Alp7-Alp14 complex to localize it to the nucleus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1969-1982
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul 1


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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