Cell performance of Pd-Sn catalyst in passive direct methanol alkaline fuel cell using anion exchange membrane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Direct methanol alkaline fuel cell (DMAFC) using anion exchange membrane (AEM) was operated in passive condition. Cell with AEM exhibits a higher open circuit voltage (OCV) and superior cell performance than those in cell using Nafion. From the concentration dependences of methanol, KOH in fuel and ionomer in anode catalyst layer, it is found that the key factors are to improve the ionic conductivity at the anode and to form a favorable ion conductive path in catalyst layer in order to enhance the cell performance. In addition, by using home-made Pd-Sn/C catalyst as a cathode catalyst on DMAFC, the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) using Pd-Sn/C catalyst as cathode exhibits the higher performance than the usual commercially available Pt/C catalyst in high methanol concentration. Therefore, the Pd-Sn/C catalyst with high tolerance for methanol is expected as the promising oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalyst in DMAFC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)999-1002
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume189
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr 15

Fingerprint

Alkaline fuel cells
Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC)
fuel cells
Anions
Ion exchange
Negative ions
methyl alcohol
anions
membranes
Membranes
catalysts
Catalysts
cells
Methanol
Anodes
Cathodes
anodes
cathodes
Ionomers
Open circuit voltage

Keywords

  • Alkaline media
  • Methanol fuel cell
  • Non-Pt catalyst
  • Oxygen reduction catalysts
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Cell performance of Pd-Sn catalyst in passive direct methanol alkaline fuel cell using anion exchange membrane. / Kim, Jandee; Momma, Toshiyuki; Osaka, Tetsuya.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 189, No. 2, 15.04.2009, p. 999-1002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Direct methanol alkaline fuel cell (DMAFC) using anion exchange membrane (AEM) was operated in passive condition. Cell with AEM exhibits a higher open circuit voltage (OCV) and superior cell performance than those in cell using Nafion. From the concentration dependences of methanol, KOH in fuel and ionomer in anode catalyst layer, it is found that the key factors are to improve the ionic conductivity at the anode and to form a favorable ion conductive path in catalyst layer in order to enhance the cell performance. In addition, by using home-made Pd-Sn/C catalyst as a cathode catalyst on DMAFC, the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) using Pd-Sn/C catalyst as cathode exhibits the higher performance than the usual commercially available Pt/C catalyst in high methanol concentration. Therefore, the Pd-Sn/C catalyst with high tolerance for methanol is expected as the promising oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalyst in DMAFC.

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