Cellular distribution and bioactivity of the key steroidogenic enzyme, cytochrome P450side chain cleavage, in sensory neural pathways

Christine Patte-Mensah, Vincent Kappes, Marie José Freund-Mercier, Kazuyoshi Tsutsui, Ayikoe G. Mensah-Nyagan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neurosteroids are steroids produced within the nervous system. Based on behavioural responses evoked in animals by synthetic steroid injections, several studies suggested neurosteroid involvement in important neurophysiological processes. These observations should be correlated only to neuroactive effects of the injected steroids. Neurosteroids mostly control the CNS activity through allosteric modulation of neurotransmitter receptors within concentration ranges used by neurotransmitters themselves. Therefore, neurosteroid production within pathways controlling a neurophysiological process is necessary to consider neurosteroid involvement in that process. Because of the increasing speculation about pain modulation by neurosteroids based on pharmacological observations, we decided to clarify the situation by investigating neurosteroidogenesis occurrence in sensory pathways, particularly in nociceptive structures. We studied the presence and activity of cytochrome P450side chain cleavage (P450scc) in rat pain pathways. P450scc-immunoreactive cells were localized in dorsal root ganglia (DRG), spinal cord (SC) dorsal horn, nociceptive supraspinal nuclei (SSN) and somatosensory cortex. Incubation of DRG, SSN or SC tissue homogenates with [3H]cholesterol yielded the formation of radioactive metabolites including [3H]pregnenolone of which the synthesis was reduced in presence of aminogluthetimide, a P450scc inhibitor. These first neuroanatomical and neurochemical results demonstrate the occurrence of neurosteroidogenesis in nociceptive pathways and strongly suggest that neurosteroids may control pain mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1233-1246
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume86
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Sep
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cytochrome P450side chain cleavage
  • Neurosteroids
  • Nociception
  • Pain
  • Sensory system
  • Steroids and nervous system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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