Chandra reveals twin X-ray jets in the powerful FR II radio galaxy 3C 353

Jun Kataoka, Stawarz, D. E. Harris, A. Siemiginowska, M. Ostrowski, M. R. Swain, M. J. Hardcastle, J. L. Goodger, K. Iwasawa, P. G. Edwards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report X-ray imaging of the powerful FR II radio galaxy 3C 353 using the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. Due to 3C 353's two 4″ wide and 2′ long jets we are able to study in detail the internal structure of the large-scale relativistic outflows at both radio and X-ray photon energies with the subarcsecond spatial resolution provided by the VLA and Chandra instruments. In a 90 ks Chandra observation, we have detected X-ray emission from most radio structures in 3C 353, including the nucleus, the jet and the counterjet, the terminal jet regions (hot spots), and one radio lobe. We show that the detection of the X-ray emission associated with the radio knots and counterknots, which is most likely nonthermal in origin, puts several crucial constraints on the X-ray emission mechanisms in powerful large-scale jets of quasars and FR II sources. In particular, we show that this detection is inconsistent with the inverse-Compton model proposed in the literature and instead implies a synchrotron origin of the X-ray jet photons. We also find that the width of the X-ray counterjet is possibly narrower than that measured in radio bands, that the radio to X-ray flux ratio decreases systematically downstream along the jets, and that there are substantial (kpc-scale) offsets between the positions of the X-ray and radio intensity maxima within each knot, whose magnitudes increase away from the nucleus. We discuss all these findings in the wider context of the physics of extragalactic jets, proposing some particular although not definitive solutions or interpretations for each problem. In general, we find that the synchrotron X-ray emission of extragalactic large-scale jets is not only shaped by the global hydrodynamical configuration of the outflows, but is also likely to be very sensitive to the microscopic parameters of the jet plasma. A complete, self-consistent model for the X-ray emission of extragalactic jets still remains elusive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)839-857
Number of pages19
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume685
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

radio galaxies
radio
x rays
synchrotrons
outflow
nuclei
photons
lobes
plasma jets
quasars
observatories
spatial resolution
physics
observatory

Keywords

  • Galaxies: active
  • Galaxies: individual (3C 353)
  • Galaxies: jets
  • Radiation mechanisms: nonthermal
  • X-rays: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Kataoka, J., Stawarz, Harris, D. E., Siemiginowska, A., Ostrowski, M., Swain, M. R., ... Edwards, P. G. (2008). Chandra reveals twin X-ray jets in the powerful FR II radio galaxy 3C 353. Astrophysical Journal, 685(2), 839-857. https://doi.org/10.1086/591024

Chandra reveals twin X-ray jets in the powerful FR II radio galaxy 3C 353. / Kataoka, Jun; Stawarz; Harris, D. E.; Siemiginowska, A.; Ostrowski, M.; Swain, M. R.; Hardcastle, M. J.; Goodger, J. L.; Iwasawa, K.; Edwards, P. G.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 685, No. 2, 01.10.2008, p. 839-857.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kataoka, J, Stawarz, Harris, DE, Siemiginowska, A, Ostrowski, M, Swain, MR, Hardcastle, MJ, Goodger, JL, Iwasawa, K & Edwards, PG 2008, 'Chandra reveals twin X-ray jets in the powerful FR II radio galaxy 3C 353', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 685, no. 2, pp. 839-857. https://doi.org/10.1086/591024
Kataoka J, Stawarz, Harris DE, Siemiginowska A, Ostrowski M, Swain MR et al. Chandra reveals twin X-ray jets in the powerful FR II radio galaxy 3C 353. Astrophysical Journal. 2008 Oct 1;685(2):839-857. https://doi.org/10.1086/591024
Kataoka, Jun ; Stawarz ; Harris, D. E. ; Siemiginowska, A. ; Ostrowski, M. ; Swain, M. R. ; Hardcastle, M. J. ; Goodger, J. L. ; Iwasawa, K. ; Edwards, P. G. / Chandra reveals twin X-ray jets in the powerful FR II radio galaxy 3C 353. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2008 ; Vol. 685, No. 2. pp. 839-857.
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abstract = "We report X-ray imaging of the powerful FR II radio galaxy 3C 353 using the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. Due to 3C 353's two 4″ wide and 2′ long jets we are able to study in detail the internal structure of the large-scale relativistic outflows at both radio and X-ray photon energies with the subarcsecond spatial resolution provided by the VLA and Chandra instruments. In a 90 ks Chandra observation, we have detected X-ray emission from most radio structures in 3C 353, including the nucleus, the jet and the counterjet, the terminal jet regions (hot spots), and one radio lobe. We show that the detection of the X-ray emission associated with the radio knots and counterknots, which is most likely nonthermal in origin, puts several crucial constraints on the X-ray emission mechanisms in powerful large-scale jets of quasars and FR II sources. In particular, we show that this detection is inconsistent with the inverse-Compton model proposed in the literature and instead implies a synchrotron origin of the X-ray jet photons. We also find that the width of the X-ray counterjet is possibly narrower than that measured in radio bands, that the radio to X-ray flux ratio decreases systematically downstream along the jets, and that there are substantial (kpc-scale) offsets between the positions of the X-ray and radio intensity maxima within each knot, whose magnitudes increase away from the nucleus. We discuss all these findings in the wider context of the physics of extragalactic jets, proposing some particular although not definitive solutions or interpretations for each problem. In general, we find that the synchrotron X-ray emission of extragalactic large-scale jets is not only shaped by the global hydrodynamical configuration of the outflows, but is also likely to be very sensitive to the microscopic parameters of the jet plasma. A complete, self-consistent model for the X-ray emission of extragalactic jets still remains elusive.",
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AU - Swain, M. R.

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N2 - We report X-ray imaging of the powerful FR II radio galaxy 3C 353 using the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. Due to 3C 353's two 4″ wide and 2′ long jets we are able to study in detail the internal structure of the large-scale relativistic outflows at both radio and X-ray photon energies with the subarcsecond spatial resolution provided by the VLA and Chandra instruments. In a 90 ks Chandra observation, we have detected X-ray emission from most radio structures in 3C 353, including the nucleus, the jet and the counterjet, the terminal jet regions (hot spots), and one radio lobe. We show that the detection of the X-ray emission associated with the radio knots and counterknots, which is most likely nonthermal in origin, puts several crucial constraints on the X-ray emission mechanisms in powerful large-scale jets of quasars and FR II sources. In particular, we show that this detection is inconsistent with the inverse-Compton model proposed in the literature and instead implies a synchrotron origin of the X-ray jet photons. We also find that the width of the X-ray counterjet is possibly narrower than that measured in radio bands, that the radio to X-ray flux ratio decreases systematically downstream along the jets, and that there are substantial (kpc-scale) offsets between the positions of the X-ray and radio intensity maxima within each knot, whose magnitudes increase away from the nucleus. We discuss all these findings in the wider context of the physics of extragalactic jets, proposing some particular although not definitive solutions or interpretations for each problem. In general, we find that the synchrotron X-ray emission of extragalactic large-scale jets is not only shaped by the global hydrodynamical configuration of the outflows, but is also likely to be very sensitive to the microscopic parameters of the jet plasma. A complete, self-consistent model for the X-ray emission of extragalactic jets still remains elusive.

AB - We report X-ray imaging of the powerful FR II radio galaxy 3C 353 using the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. Due to 3C 353's two 4″ wide and 2′ long jets we are able to study in detail the internal structure of the large-scale relativistic outflows at both radio and X-ray photon energies with the subarcsecond spatial resolution provided by the VLA and Chandra instruments. In a 90 ks Chandra observation, we have detected X-ray emission from most radio structures in 3C 353, including the nucleus, the jet and the counterjet, the terminal jet regions (hot spots), and one radio lobe. We show that the detection of the X-ray emission associated with the radio knots and counterknots, which is most likely nonthermal in origin, puts several crucial constraints on the X-ray emission mechanisms in powerful large-scale jets of quasars and FR II sources. In particular, we show that this detection is inconsistent with the inverse-Compton model proposed in the literature and instead implies a synchrotron origin of the X-ray jet photons. We also find that the width of the X-ray counterjet is possibly narrower than that measured in radio bands, that the radio to X-ray flux ratio decreases systematically downstream along the jets, and that there are substantial (kpc-scale) offsets between the positions of the X-ray and radio intensity maxima within each knot, whose magnitudes increase away from the nucleus. We discuss all these findings in the wider context of the physics of extragalactic jets, proposing some particular although not definitive solutions or interpretations for each problem. In general, we find that the synchrotron X-ray emission of extragalactic large-scale jets is not only shaped by the global hydrodynamical configuration of the outflows, but is also likely to be very sensitive to the microscopic parameters of the jet plasma. A complete, self-consistent model for the X-ray emission of extragalactic jets still remains elusive.

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KW - X-rays: general

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