Changes in arousal level by differential exercise intensity

Keita Kamijo, Yoshiaki Nishihira, Arihiro Hatta, Takeshi Kaneda, Tetsuo Kida, Takuro Higashiura, Kazuo Kuroiwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

114 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of exercise intensity on arousal level. Twelve subjects (22-33 years) performed a S1-S2 reaction time task consisting of warning stimulus (S1) and imperative stimulus (S2) in a control condition, and again after low, medium, and high intensity pedaling exercises. During this task, contingent negative variation (CNV) and spontaneous electroencephalogram before S1 were measured as indicators for arousal level. CNV amplitude after high intensity pedaling exercise was significantly smaller than after medium pedaling exercise. Compared to the control condition, relative power value of α waves increased after the high intensity exercise. These results suggested that arousal level was reduced after high intensity exercise and reached a state near optimal level after medium intensity exercise. The findings also suggested that changes in CNV amplitude by differences in exercise intensity followed an inverted-U shaped dose response curve. The present study supported the view that CNV amplitude and arousal level followed an inverted-U relationship. It is concluded that differences in exercise intensity influenced arousal level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2693-2698
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec
Externally publishedYes


  • Arousal level
  • CNV
  • Inverted-U shaped dose response curve
  • Spontaneous EEG

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Physiology (medical)


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