Changes in gastrointestinal hormones: The roles of mastication and exercise

Masashi Miyashita, Kyoko Kashiwabara

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Energy balance plays an important role in weight control. Ghrelin is known to stimulate food intake, while peptide YY (PYY) and glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) are known to suppress food intake. These appetite-related hormones are affected by behaviours such as exercise and mastication. Increasing the number of times food is chewed during a standard meal suppresses ghrelin secretion and food intake. The intensity of exercise is more strongly related to the secretion of total ghrelin, acylated ghrelin, PYY3-36 and food intake than the duration or mode of exercise. This review summarises the effects of exercise and mastication on appetiterelated hormones and/or energy intake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-373
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine
Volume65
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Appetite
  • Exercise
  • Gut hormone
  • Mastication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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