Changing Commercial Policy in Japan, 1985-2010

Masahiro Kawai, Shujiro Urata

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This article examines the changing nature of Japan's commercial policy over the last twenty-five years. The article is organized as follows. Section 2 reviews the changing structures of trade, foreign direct investment, and the economy in Japan that underlay policy changes. Section 3 focuses on Japan's commercial policy between 1985 and 1999, when policy-makers adopted a two-track approach of relying on multilateral liberalization under the GATT/WTO and open regionalism under Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation on the one hand and on the bilateral trade relationship with the United States on the other. Section 4 examines Japan's more recent commercial policy since the turn of the century as the country increasingly began to rely on bilateral and plurilateral economic partnership agreements, particularly with-but not limited to-East Asian economies. It is argued that agricultural sector liberalization is key to the further integration of Japan with the Asian and global economies. Section 5 concludes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of International Commercial Policy
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780199968817, 9780195378047
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Sep 1

Fingerprint

Commercial policy
Japan
Asian economies
Liberalization
Foreign direct investment
Politicians
Policy change
Global economy
Asia-Pacific
Regionalism
Agricultural sector
Economic cooperation
Economic Partnership Agreements
Bilateral trade
Bilateral

Keywords

  • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
  • Bilateral trade
  • Economic partnership agreements
  • Foreign direct investment
  • GATT
  • Japanese commercial policy
  • Trade liberalization
  • Trade policy
  • WTO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

Cite this

Kawai, M., & Urata, S. (2012). Changing Commercial Policy in Japan, 1985-2010. In The Oxford Handbook of International Commercial Policy Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195378047.013.0010

Changing Commercial Policy in Japan, 1985-2010. / Kawai, Masahiro; Urata, Shujiro.

The Oxford Handbook of International Commercial Policy. Oxford University Press, 2012.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Kawai, M & Urata, S 2012, Changing Commercial Policy in Japan, 1985-2010. in The Oxford Handbook of International Commercial Policy. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195378047.013.0010
Kawai M, Urata S. Changing Commercial Policy in Japan, 1985-2010. In The Oxford Handbook of International Commercial Policy. Oxford University Press. 2012 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195378047.013.0010
Kawai, Masahiro ; Urata, Shujiro. / Changing Commercial Policy in Japan, 1985-2010. The Oxford Handbook of International Commercial Policy. Oxford University Press, 2012.
@inbook{b4301c860f4649cab53a3f462372c60e,
title = "Changing Commercial Policy in Japan, 1985-2010",
abstract = "This article examines the changing nature of Japan's commercial policy over the last twenty-five years. The article is organized as follows. Section 2 reviews the changing structures of trade, foreign direct investment, and the economy in Japan that underlay policy changes. Section 3 focuses on Japan's commercial policy between 1985 and 1999, when policy-makers adopted a two-track approach of relying on multilateral liberalization under the GATT/WTO and open regionalism under Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation on the one hand and on the bilateral trade relationship with the United States on the other. Section 4 examines Japan's more recent commercial policy since the turn of the century as the country increasingly began to rely on bilateral and plurilateral economic partnership agreements, particularly with-but not limited to-East Asian economies. It is argued that agricultural sector liberalization is key to the further integration of Japan with the Asian and global economies. Section 5 concludes.",
keywords = "Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Bilateral trade, Economic partnership agreements, Foreign direct investment, GATT, Japanese commercial policy, Trade liberalization, Trade policy, WTO",
author = "Masahiro Kawai and Shujiro Urata",
year = "2012",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195378047.013.0010",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780199968817",
booktitle = "The Oxford Handbook of International Commercial Policy",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Changing Commercial Policy in Japan, 1985-2010

AU - Kawai, Masahiro

AU - Urata, Shujiro

PY - 2012/9/1

Y1 - 2012/9/1

N2 - This article examines the changing nature of Japan's commercial policy over the last twenty-five years. The article is organized as follows. Section 2 reviews the changing structures of trade, foreign direct investment, and the economy in Japan that underlay policy changes. Section 3 focuses on Japan's commercial policy between 1985 and 1999, when policy-makers adopted a two-track approach of relying on multilateral liberalization under the GATT/WTO and open regionalism under Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation on the one hand and on the bilateral trade relationship with the United States on the other. Section 4 examines Japan's more recent commercial policy since the turn of the century as the country increasingly began to rely on bilateral and plurilateral economic partnership agreements, particularly with-but not limited to-East Asian economies. It is argued that agricultural sector liberalization is key to the further integration of Japan with the Asian and global economies. Section 5 concludes.

AB - This article examines the changing nature of Japan's commercial policy over the last twenty-five years. The article is organized as follows. Section 2 reviews the changing structures of trade, foreign direct investment, and the economy in Japan that underlay policy changes. Section 3 focuses on Japan's commercial policy between 1985 and 1999, when policy-makers adopted a two-track approach of relying on multilateral liberalization under the GATT/WTO and open regionalism under Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation on the one hand and on the bilateral trade relationship with the United States on the other. Section 4 examines Japan's more recent commercial policy since the turn of the century as the country increasingly began to rely on bilateral and plurilateral economic partnership agreements, particularly with-but not limited to-East Asian economies. It is argued that agricultural sector liberalization is key to the further integration of Japan with the Asian and global economies. Section 5 concludes.

KW - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

KW - Bilateral trade

KW - Economic partnership agreements

KW - Foreign direct investment

KW - GATT

KW - Japanese commercial policy

KW - Trade liberalization

KW - Trade policy

KW - WTO

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84890870454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84890870454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195378047.013.0010

DO - 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195378047.013.0010

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84890870454

SN - 9780199968817

SN - 9780195378047

BT - The Oxford Handbook of International Commercial Policy

PB - Oxford University Press

ER -