### Abstract

We study the motion of a spinning test particle in Schwarzschild spacetime, analyzing the Poincaré map and the Lyapunov exponent. We find chaotic behavior for a particle with spin higher than some critical value (e.g., S _{cr}~0.635μiM for the total angular momentum J=4μM), where μ and M are the masses of a particle and of a black hole, respectively. The inverse of the Lyapunov exponent in the most chaotic case is about five orbital periods, which suggests that chaos of a spinning particle may become important in some relativistic astrophysical phenomena. The "effective potential" analysis enables us to classify the particle orbits into four types as follows. When the total angular momentum J is large, some orbits are bounded and the "effective potentialsare classified into two types: (B1) one saddle point (unstable circular orbit) and one minimal point (stable circular orbit) on the equatorial plane exist for small spin; and (B2) two saddle points bifurcate from the equatorial plane and one minimal point remains on the equatorial plane for large spin. When J is small, no bound orbits exist and the potentials are classified into another two types: (U1) no extremal point is found for small spin; and (U2) one saddle point appears on the equatorial plane, which is unstable in the direction perpendicular to the equatorial plane, for large spin. The types (B1) and (U1) are the same as those for a spinless particle, but the potentials (B2) and (U2) are new types caused by spin-orbit coupling. The chaotic behavior is found only in the type (B2) potential. The "heteroclinic orbit," which could cause chaos, is also observed in type (B2).

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 4848-4859 |

Number of pages | 12 |

Journal | Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology |

Volume | 55 |

Issue number | 8 |

Publication status | Published - 1997 Apr 15 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Mathematical Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

### Cite this

*Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology*,

*55*(8), 4848-4859.

**Chaos in Schwarzschild spacetime : The motion of a spinning particle.** / Suzuki, Shingo; Maeda, Keiichi.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology*, vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 4848-4859.

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chaos in Schwarzschild spacetime

T2 - The motion of a spinning particle

AU - Suzuki, Shingo

AU - Maeda, Keiichi

PY - 1997/4/15

Y1 - 1997/4/15

N2 - We study the motion of a spinning test particle in Schwarzschild spacetime, analyzing the Poincaré map and the Lyapunov exponent. We find chaotic behavior for a particle with spin higher than some critical value (e.g., S cr~0.635μiM for the total angular momentum J=4μM), where μ and M are the masses of a particle and of a black hole, respectively. The inverse of the Lyapunov exponent in the most chaotic case is about five orbital periods, which suggests that chaos of a spinning particle may become important in some relativistic astrophysical phenomena. The "effective potential" analysis enables us to classify the particle orbits into four types as follows. When the total angular momentum J is large, some orbits are bounded and the "effective potentialsare classified into two types: (B1) one saddle point (unstable circular orbit) and one minimal point (stable circular orbit) on the equatorial plane exist for small spin; and (B2) two saddle points bifurcate from the equatorial plane and one minimal point remains on the equatorial plane for large spin. When J is small, no bound orbits exist and the potentials are classified into another two types: (U1) no extremal point is found for small spin; and (U2) one saddle point appears on the equatorial plane, which is unstable in the direction perpendicular to the equatorial plane, for large spin. The types (B1) and (U1) are the same as those for a spinless particle, but the potentials (B2) and (U2) are new types caused by spin-orbit coupling. The chaotic behavior is found only in the type (B2) potential. The "heteroclinic orbit," which could cause chaos, is also observed in type (B2).

AB - We study the motion of a spinning test particle in Schwarzschild spacetime, analyzing the Poincaré map and the Lyapunov exponent. We find chaotic behavior for a particle with spin higher than some critical value (e.g., S cr~0.635μiM for the total angular momentum J=4μM), where μ and M are the masses of a particle and of a black hole, respectively. The inverse of the Lyapunov exponent in the most chaotic case is about five orbital periods, which suggests that chaos of a spinning particle may become important in some relativistic astrophysical phenomena. The "effective potential" analysis enables us to classify the particle orbits into four types as follows. When the total angular momentum J is large, some orbits are bounded and the "effective potentialsare classified into two types: (B1) one saddle point (unstable circular orbit) and one minimal point (stable circular orbit) on the equatorial plane exist for small spin; and (B2) two saddle points bifurcate from the equatorial plane and one minimal point remains on the equatorial plane for large spin. When J is small, no bound orbits exist and the potentials are classified into another two types: (U1) no extremal point is found for small spin; and (U2) one saddle point appears on the equatorial plane, which is unstable in the direction perpendicular to the equatorial plane, for large spin. The types (B1) and (U1) are the same as those for a spinless particle, but the potentials (B2) and (U2) are new types caused by spin-orbit coupling. The chaotic behavior is found only in the type (B2) potential. The "heteroclinic orbit," which could cause chaos, is also observed in type (B2).

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UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0001693720&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 4848

EP - 4859

JO - Physical review D: Particles and fields

JF - Physical review D: Particles and fields

SN - 0556-2821

IS - 8

ER -